Jan

16

Frohes Silvester neues Jukebox Jahr

Von Tisie

dsc09199Jetzt ist es ja bereits 2 Wochen her (die Redaktion lag niedergestreckt mit einem waschechten Tripper im Lazarett) aber wir wollen es nicht verpassen Euch ein frohes neues Jahr zu wünschen. In diesem Jahr wird es wieder viele alte und neue Highlights geben. So haben wir für Karneval z.B. ein paar ausnahmsweise mal hörenswerte neue Nummern komponiert. Und bis Mai werden weitere folgen. Versprechen können wir allerdings nichts. Wir sind Zigeuner aus dem Süden. Apropos Zigeuner: Wir haben auch ein neues Outfit. Haben wir einer anderen Band geklaut. Doof ist nur, dass die auf einmal mehr Auftritte haben, weil die Sängerin jetzt immer nackt singt. Ich notiere mir gleich mal, dass wir mit Andrea reden müssen. Der Terminkalender ist ebenso bereits auf 2010 eingestellt, sodass Ihr keine Ausreden mehr habt, die Wochenenden nicht mit uns verbringen zu wollen.

Kurz zu Silvester: Danke Carina. Du warst himmlisch.

Wir sehen uns alle Karneval bzw. schon ne Woche vorher im Eurogress auf dem Bäckerball. Sehr tolle Veranstaltung. Also macht Euch auf, ihr barbarischen Hunde, und feiert uns mit Eurer ganzen ursprünglichen Leidenschaft.

Salute,

Die auferstandenen JBH-Gymnastik-Elfen

P.S. Ghi´s neue Kolumne ist online!!!

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Is it related to Mercury’s proximity to theSun?The planet’s iron heart makes it incredibly dense, which results in a surface gravity about the same asMars – a considerably larger planet. Scientists have several theories that could explain the reason forthe large core. One is that as the planets formed from the disk-shaped cloud of gas and dust known asthe solar nebula, dense particles (such as metallic iron) condensed and were preferentially retained inthe innermost regions near the Sun, forming Mercury. Another possible explanation is that tremendousheat from the Sun vaporized part of the outer rock layer on a young Mercury, leaving it a metal-richcinder. 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Theory holds that shock waves from the Caloris impact createdthe area of chaotic terrain on the opposite side of the planet.Other mysteries include hundreds of superimposed scarps – curving cliffs, typically hundreds of metershigh and tens to hundreds of kilometers long. When did they form and in what sequence? It is possiblethese scarps formed as Mercury’s interior cooled, causing the whole planet to shrink and its crust tocontract. How much contraction, in turn, caused Mercury’s crust to buckle and scarps to form? Similarfeatures form here on Earth as lava flows cool and shrink.Finding the answer: MESSENGER will shed unprecedented light on the forces that shaped Mercury’ssurface. Its X-ray, gamma-ray, and visible-infrared spectrometers will measure the major elementsand minerals in Mercury’s surface rocks. The camera will photograph all of the planet, including the 55percent that Mariner 10 missed – and at much higher resolution than Mariner 10’s images. Nearly all ofMercury will be imaged in stereo to determine topographic variations and landforms across the globe.The laser altimeter will precisely measure the topography of surface features, and these data, whencompared with gravity field measurements gathered by tracking MESSENGER’s subtle movements inorbit, will help determine the thickness and structure of Mercury’s crust.Question 3: What is the structure of Mercury’s core?The biggest surprise from the Mariner 10 flybys was that Mercury has a global magnetic field, making itthe only terrestrial (rocky) planet besides Earth to have one. Mercury’s magnetic field is weak – about100 times weaker than Earth’s at the surface – but that it exists at all raises interesting questions aboutactivity deep inside the planet.Earth’s magnetic field is generated by the swirling motions of molten liquid in our planet’s outer core. ButMercury is so much smaller than Earth – 4,878 kilometers in diameter vs. Earth’s 12,714 kilometers (3,031miles vs. 7,900 miles) – that its core should have cooled and solidified long ago. Its many long scarps suggestthat the planet has contracted and the core has cooled, so how could Mercury’s now stagnant core generate amagnetic field? One potential answer is that the observed magnetic field is a fossil remaining from Mercury’searliest years; perhaps rocks were magnetized long ago when there was a magnetic field, and Mariner 10’smagnetometer simply recorded leftover magnetization from the rocks. Another is that the core is indeed stillliquid and actively generating the field.Finding the answer: For insight into Mercury’s insides, MESSENGER’s laser altimeter will measure theplanet’s libration – the small amount it “wobbles” as it spins on its axis. By combining this measurement withwhat we learn about Mercury’s gravity from radio science experiments, scientists will be able to deduce thesize of the planet’s core and how much of it is liquid or solid. The magnetometer should also be able to tell ifthe magnetic field stems from activity inside the planet, or from magnetic areas of the surface.Question 4: What is the nature of Mercury’s magnetic field?The solar wind – the ever-expanding atmosphere of the Sun – forces constant change in Earth’s magneticfield. We see the effects of these changes in the form of the aurora, electrical power blackouts, and TV andradio interference. Mariner 10 found that where the solar wind interacted with Mercury, the particles changedin a way that suggested the effects of an internal magnetic field. A better understanding of an internalmagnetic field smaller, weaker and much closer to the Sun than Earth’s will teach us more about our ownmagnetosphere – this is comparative planetology at its best.Earth has a dipolar magnetic field, shaped like a bar magnet’s field, with positively and negatively chargedpoles. Mercury’s field also appears to be dipolar. In contrast, the Moon and Mars lack a global dipolar magneticfield, but have local magnetic fields centered on different spots that are relicts. It’s not clear how much ofMercury’s field comes from smaller local fields (like on Mars or the Moon), and how much is indeed global,produced deep within the planet.Finding the answer: MESSENGER’s magnetometer will examine Mercury’s magnetic field over four Mercuryyears (each 88 Earth days) to determine its strength and how it varies with position, altitude and time. Themagnetometer and energetic particle and plasma spectrometer will also sense the magnetic field’s responsesto solar activity, and help separate the internal from externally induced components of the field.Question 5: What are the unusual materials at Mercury’s poles?In the early 1990s, scientists using radar (i.e., microwaves) to observe Mercury noticed that something insidecraters near its poles was strongly reflecting the radar pulses. To most experts the materials looked a lot likewhat would be expected from molecules such as water ice.At first, it seems ludicrous to even think about water ice on a planet where “daytime” temperatures near theequator can soar to 450 degrees Celsius (840 degrees Fahrenheit). But since the planet does not tilt – its spinaxis is nearly perpendicular to its equator – sunlight does not reach the floors and walls of polar craters, andtemperatures inside these craters stay perpetually cold. Could water molecules from comets and meteoriteshave become trapped in the shadowy corners of these cold craters, frozen and accumulated over billions ofyears? Or, could water vapor have seeped out from inside the planet and frozen out near the poles? Suchice deposits could be insulated by thin layers of dust and other material ejected by impacts, but still visibleto the penetrating waves of radar. Some scientists think the material isn’t water ice but something else, suchas sulfur, derived from minerals in the surface rocks. This enigma is an important topic in the comparativeplanetology of the Moon, Mercury and Mars.Finding the answer: It will be a challenge to figure out what the deposits are, because they will beinvisible to many of MESSENGER’s instruments. The very shadows that preserve the ice deposits so closeto the solar inferno keep them from being illuminated by the Sun. MESSENGER’s gamma-ray and neutronspectrometers – designed to pinpoint key elements on Mercury’s surface – will aim toward these polarcraters and may be able to sense if they are lined with water ice or other materials. Looking in the samedirection, the ultraviolet and energetic particle spectrometers could also detect hydroxyl (OH) or sulfuremissions from the deposits.Question 6: What volatiles are important at Mercury?Mercury is surrounded by an extremely thin layer of gas – so thin that, unlike in the atmospheres of Venus,Earth and Mars, the molecules surrounding Mercury don’t collide with each other. Instead, they bouncefrom place to place on the surface, almost like rubber balls. (Such an atmosphere is also referred to as an”exosphere.”)We know of six elements in Mercury’s atmosphere: hydrogen, helium, oxygen, sodium, potassium andcalcium. These elements are relatively abundant and are particularly easy to detect with Earth-basedtelescopes. Each element in the atmosphere has a different origin. Hydrogen and helium come (at least inpart) from the solar wind. Some of the hydrogen and oxygen may also come from ice that came aboardcomets and meteorites that hit the planet. The sodium, potassium, calcium and some of the oxygen isthought to come from rocks on the surface.Finding the answer: MESSENGER will measure the composition of Mercury’s atmosphere with itsultraviolet and energetic particle spectrometers. By comparing these data with X-ray and gamma-raymeasurements of the surface rocks, scientists will gain invaluable clues on the origin of each element in theplanet’s atmosphere, and learn more about where they came from.Science GroupsThe MESSENGER science team, which includes 23 investigators from 13 research institutions, is dividedinto four broad disciplinary groups. The Geology group, chaired by Dr. James Head III, Brown University,will interpret data on Mercury’s geologic history. Geochemistry, led by Dr. William Boynton, University ofArizona, will interpret measurements of Mercury’s surface composition. Geophysics, chaired by Dr. MariaZuber, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, will cover the altimetry and gravity measurements. TheAtmosphere and Magnetosphere group, led by Dr. Stamatios Krimigis, the Johns Hopkins UniversityApplied Physics Laboratory, will analyze data on Mercury’s magnetic field, atmosphere, and energetic particleand thermal plasma characteristics.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store.Gemini 12Gemini 12: The NASA Mission Reports covers the voyage of James Lovell and Buzz Aldrin that capped the Gemini program’s efforts to prove the technologies and techniques that would be needed for the Apollo Moon landings. Includes CD-ROM.Choose your store: – – – Apollo 11 special patchSpecial collectors’ patch marking the 35th anniversary of the historic Apollo 11 moon landing is now available.Choose your store: – – – Inside Apollo mission controlAn insider’s view of how Apollo flight controllers operated and just what they faced when events were crucial. Choose your store: The ultimate Apollo 11 DVD This exceptional chronicle of the historic Apollo 11 lunar landing mission features new digital transfers of film and television coverage unmatched by any other.Choose your store: – – – Next ISS crewOwn a little piece of history with this official patch for the International Space Station’s Expedition 11 crew. We’ll ship yours today!Choose your store: | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Pad gantry rolled back from the Delta 4-Heavy rocketThe 330-foot tall mobile service tower rolled away from the Delta 4-Heavy rocket at Cape Canaveral’s launch pad 37B at 10 a.m. in preparation for liftoff January 14.Photo credit: Stephen Clark/Spaceflight Now Credit: Stephen Clark/Spaceflight NowFinal Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Pad to be refurbished for time-critical launch SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: March 20, 2004 The sun rises Saturday as the countdown was underway for launch of the Delta 2 rocket carrying GPS 2R-11 from pad 17B. Credit: Carleton Bailie/BoeingFor the Delta launch team at Cape Canaveral, there is little time to spare following Saturday’s successful mission as workers refurbish pad 17B for its next mission.NASA’s MESSENGER space probe to orbit the planet Mercury is slated for liftoff May 11 from the seaside complex aboard a Boeing Delta 2-Heavy rocket. Assembly of the rocket’s stages begins at the pad on March 31.But before the first stage can be delivered to the pad, routine post-launch cleaning has to be performed after Saturday’s fiery flight that carried a Global Positioning System satellite into orbit.”We have about a week-and-a-half to basically scrub the pad down, take care of any damage that occurs from either fire or blast,” said Lt. Col. Brad Broemmel, Air Force launch director and commander of the 1st Space Launch Squadron at the Cape.”That is typically a two-week process. We’ve done it in as short as four or five days. So we believe we have the team primed and ready to do the maintenance required to be ready for MESSENGER.”MESSENGER must be launched during a 12-day period that opens May 11 when planetary conditions are right for its journey to begin.Neighboring pad 17A is currently out of service for upgrades and maintenance. And MESSENGER must launch from pad 17B because that complex is equipped to handle the larger solid rocket motors used by its Delta 2-Heavy launcher.Saturday’s launch was the 111th for the Delta 2 rocket over the past 15 years, and marked the 56th consecutive successful flight dating to 1997.In addition, it was the first Delta 2 to fly in 2004. The Cape expects a total of six Delta 2 launches this year including two more GPS satellite missions, NASA’s Swift gamma-ray observatory this fall and the Deep Impact comet probe at year’s end.Three additional Delta 2s are slated to fly from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, starting April 17 with NASA’s long-delayed Gravity Probe-B mission to test predictions of Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity.Video coverage for subscribers only:VIDEO:DELTA 2 ROCKET BLASTS OFF WITH GPS 2R-11 VIDEO:LONGER LENGTH LAUNCH MOVIE VIDEO:SPACECRAFT SEPARATION ANNOUNCED VIDEO:FIRST COUNTDOWN HALTED BY ALARM Mars rover collectible patchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This commemorative patch celebrates NASA’s Curiosity rover mission of the Mars Science Laboratory in search of clues whether the Red Planet was once hospitable to life.Columbia ReportA reproduction of the official accident investigation report into the loss of the space shuttle Columbia and its crew of seven. Choose your store: – – – Mars PanoramaDISCOUNTED! This 360 degree image was taken by the Mars Pathfinder, which landed on the Red Planet in July 1997. The Sojourner Rover is visible in the image. Choose your store:Apollo 11 Mission ReportApollo 11 – The NASA Mission Reports Vol. 3 is the first comprehensive study of man’s first mission to another world is revealed in all of its startling complexity. Includes DVD!Choose your store: – – – Rocket DVDIf you’ve ever watched a launch from Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Vandenberg Air Force Base or even Kodiak Island Alaska, there’s no better way to describe what you witnessed than with this DVD.Choose your store: – – – STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Payload hoisted atop Delta for NROL-15SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: June 24, 2012 About a month before its scheduled launch, a classified satellite payload already encapsulated in the lengthy nose cone is hoisted into the mobile service gantry and placed atop the United Launch Alliance Delta 4-Heavy rocket at Cape Canaveral’s Complex 37.The bullet-shaped shroud protects the satellite during ascent through Earth’s atmosphere and then gets jettisoned to uncover the craft after the threshold the space is reached.The payload is known only as NROL-15 for the National Reconnaissance Office.See our for the latest news on the launch.Photo credit: United Launch AlliancePayload mated for launch aboard next Delta 4 rocket BY SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: July 11, 2014 CAPE CANAVERAL — Two spacecraft that will track man-made objects and deter threats in geosynchronous orbit were hauled to the launch pad today and mounted atop a United Launch Alliance Delta 4 booster rocket. File photo of payload being mated to Delta 4. Credit: ULATwin Geosynchronous Space Situational Awareness Program satellites, or GSSAP, will be launched into orbit on July 23 from Cape Canaveral, Florida.”This previously classified program will deliver two satellites..for launch into near geosynchronous orbit,” said Douglas Loverro, deputy assistant secretary of defense for space policy, at the Department of Defense.”Our decision to declassify this program was simple. We need to monitor what happens 22,000 miles above the Earth, and we want to make sure that everyone knows we can do so. We believe that such efforts add immeasurably to both the safety of space flight and the stability that derives from the ability to attribute actions — to the benefit of all space-faring nations and all who rely on space-based services.”Built by Orbital Sciences, one craft will fly just below and the other just above the geosynchronous satellite belt. That’s where spacecraft orbit 22,300 miles in altitude and match the Earth’s rotation to appear parked over one spot of the globe — such as communications, weather, missile warning and eavesdropping reconnaissance platforms.”The electro-optical payload on GSSAP gives us very close-up neighborhood watch capability that helps prevent surprise, and that protects our assets in GEO,” said Gen. William Shelton, head of Air Force Space Command.In preparation for the launch, the payload, already encapsulated in the 39-foot-long, 13-foot-diameter nose cone was delivered to Complex 37 this morning for hoisting into the pad gantry and attachment to the Delta 4’s upper stage.The move occurred following a successful countdown dress rehearsal and rocket fueling exercise on Tuesday.Liftoff on July 23 is slated to occur some time between 6 and 10 p.m. EDT (2200-0200 GMT). The exact launch time has not been announced.The launch will be the 368th for a Delta rocket, the 27th Delta 4 and the 12th to fly in the Medium+ (4,2) configuration with a pair of strap-on solid motors.For United Launch Alliance, it is the company’s 33rd flight for the Air Force, the 85th launch overall since 2006 and the 8th just this year.About the authorJustin Ray has been a reporter with Spaceflight Now since the website’s inception in November 1999. The online news service, based at Cape Canaveral, has documented U.S. and international space news with a specialty of live launch coverage.Prior to that, Justin worked for two years as an aerospace reporter at the Florida Today newspaper and its pioneering Space Online website. He began his career as an intern at Patrick Air Force Base’s public affairs office in 1996 and wrote for the Missileer base newspaper.The Ohio native has covered 134 Delta rocket launches, 94 Atlas flights, 65 space shuttle missions and construction of the International Space Station, plus scientific spacecraft such as the Mars rovers and Cassini. He attended college at the University of Central Florida and now resides in Viera, Florida.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Phoenix launch timelineSPACEFLIGHT NOW

Posted: July 22, 2004Date Window OpenEastern Daylight Time Window CloseEastern Daylight TimeAugust 2 2:16:11 a.m. 2:16:23 a.m.August 3 2:15:56 a.m. 2:16:08 a.m.August 4 2:15:22 a.m. 2:15:34 a.m.August 5 2:15:12 a.m. 2:15:24 a.m.August 6 2:14:58 a.m. 2:15:10 a.m.August 7 2:14:47 a.m. 2:14:59 a.m.August 8 2:14:22 a.m. 2:14:34 a.m.August 9 2:14:07 a.m. 2:14:19 a.m.August 10 2:13:54 a.m. 2:14:06 a.m.August 11 2:13:49 a.m. 2:14:01 a.m.August 12 2:13:42 a.m. 2:13:54 a.m.August 13 2:13:29 a.m. 2:13:41 a.m.August 14 2:13:41 a.m. 2:13:53 a.m.Data source: NASASoviet SpaceFor the first time ever available in the West. Rocket & Space Corporation Energia: a complete pictorial history of the Soviet/Russian Space Program from 1946 to the present day all in full color. Available from our store.Choose your store: – – – Viking patchThis embroidered mission patch celebrates NASA’s Viking Project which reached the Red Planet in 1976.Choose your store: – – – Apollo 7 DVDFor 11 days the crew of Apollo 7 fought colds while they put the Apollo spacecraft through a workout, establishing confidence in the machine what would lead directly to the bold decision to send Apollo 8 to the moon just 2 months later. Choose your store: – – – Gemini 12Gemini 12: The NASA Mission Reports covers the voyage of James Lovell and Buzz Aldrin that capped the Gemini program’s efforts to prove the technologies and techniques that would be needed for the Apollo Moon landings. Includes CD-ROM.Choose your store: – – – | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Milestone launch of Delta 4to carry GPS satellite BY STAFF WRITERSSPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: February 18, 2014 CAPE CANAVERAL — Going for its 25th flight, the United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket family will launch a new Global Positioning System navigation satellite from Cape Canaveral Thursday night.

Posted: December 12, 2006T-00:00LiftoffThe Delta 2 rocket’s main engine and twin vernier steering thrusters are started moments before launch. The six ground-start strap-on solid rocket motors are ignited at T-0 to begin the mission.T+01:04.0Ground SRM BurnoutThe ground-start Alliant TechSystems-built solid rocket motors consume all their propellant and burn out.T+01:05.5Air-Lit SRM IgnitionThe three remaining solid rocket motors strapped to the Delta 2 rocket’s first stage are ignited.T+01:26.0Jettison Ground SRMsThe spent solid rocket boosters are jettisoned to fall into the Pacific Ocean. The spent casings remained attached until the vehicle passed into preset drop zone, clear of offshore oil platforms.T+01:30.0Begin Dog-legAfter initially flying from Vandenberg along a 196-degree flight azimuth, the rocket begins steering itself in a more southeastward direction to obtain the desired orbital inclination. This dog-leg maneuver continues until T+plus 2 minutes, 22 seconds.T+02:11.5Jettison Air-Lit SRMsHaving burned out two seconds earlier, the three spent air-started solid rocket boosters are jettisoned.T+04:23.4Main Engine CutoffAfter consuming its RP-1 fuel and liquid oxygen, the Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne RS-27A first stage main engine is shut down. The vernier engines cut off moments later.T+04:31.4Stage SeparationThe Delta rocket’s first stage is separated now, having completed its job. The spent stage will fall into the Pacific Ocean.T+04:36.9Second Stage IgnitionWith the stage jettisoned, the rocket’s second stage takes over. The Aerojet AJ118-K liquid-fueled engine ignites for the first of two firings needed to place the NRO spacecraft into the proper orbit.T+04:41.0Jettison Payload FairingThe 10-foot diameter payload fairing that protected the NRO cargo atop the Delta 2 during the atmospheric ascent is jettisoned is two halves.T+10:58.2Second Stage Cutoff 1The second stage engine shuts down to complete its first firing of the launch. The rocket and attached spacecraft are now in a long coast period before the second stage reignites. The orbit achieved should be 202 nautical miles at apogee, 100 miles at perigee and inclined 58.6 degrees.T+55:13.2Second Stage RestartDelta’s second stage engine reignites for a short firing to raise the orbit’s perigee.T+55:18.7Second Stage Cutoff 2The second stage shuts down after a five-second burn. The orbit achieved should be 203 nautical miles at apogee, 191 miles at perigee and inclined 58.5 degrees.T+57:50.0Payload SeparationThe classified payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office is released from the Delta 2 rocket, completing the first United Launch Alliance space mission.Data source: ULA.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Delta 324 launch timelineSPACEFLIGHT NOW

STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: November 21, 2010 A powerful Delta 4 rocket roared to life and climbed away from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Sunday evening on a high-priority mission to boost a National Reconnaissance Office spy satellite into orbit. Credit: United Launch Alliance videoUnder a cloudy sky, the hydrogen-fueled engines in the three common core boosters of the United Launch Alliance Delta 4 ignited with a rush of orange fire at 5:58 p.m. EST (2258 GMT) and quickly throttled up to nearly 2 million pounds of thrust.Hold-down clamps then released and the huge rocket majestically climbed away from launch complex 37 atop a torrent of fiery exhaust. About 30 seconds later, it knifed into a deck of low clouds and disappeared from view.Because the NROL-32 payload is classified, United Launch Alliance halted commentary about seven minutes after liftoff, just after the protective nose cone fairing separated and fell away. The vehicle was performing normally at that point, but no other updates were expected.The payload is believed to be an electronic eavesdropping satellite with a huge collecting antenna. In a September address to the Air Force Association, NRO Director Bruce Carlson said the Delta 4 was carrying “the largest satellite in the world.”"I believe the payload is the fifth in the series of what we call Mentor spacecraft, a.k.a. Advanced Orion, which gather signals intelligence from inclined geosynchronous orbits,” Ted Molczan, a respected satellite tracker, told Spaceflight Now. “They are among the largest satellites ever deployed.”Once on station, the satellite presumably will unfold a huge, lightweight antenna to tap into targeted military or civilian communications networks.”The satellite likely consists of sensitive radio receivers and an antenna generally believed to span up to 100 meters (328 feet) to gather electronic intelligence for the National Security Agency,” Molczan told Spaceflight Now.ULA and the Air Force had hoped to launch the Delta 4 last Thursday, but the flight was delayed one day to replace suspect wiring in the system that releases the rocket from the launch pad. During fueling for a launch attempt Friday, unexpected temperature readings in the right and left common core boosters forced another delay.After extensive troubleshooting, engineers concluded two sensors were at fault. They were replaced and launch was reset for Sunday.This was the 351st Delta launch since the program’s maiden flight in 1960, the 14th flight of a Delta 4 and the fourth mission by the most powerful Delta 4 “heavy” configuration.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Delta 4 rocket launches for Australian satellite deploy SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: August 7, 2013 A rocket launch funded entirely by Australia streaked to orbit Wednesday night from Cape Canaveral in a show of international cooperation between the U.S. military and its allies.The Delta 4 launches with WGS 6. Credit: Pat Corkery/United Launch AllianceA United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket roared off Complex 37 at 8:29 p.m. EDT (0029 GMT), lighting up the Florida sky mere minutes after the sun had set, on a 41-minute climb into a supersynchronous transfer orbit with WGS 6.The sixth Wideband Global SATCOM spacecraft was built by Boeing just like the previous five, but this satellite was paid for by Australia instead of the U.S. Air Force.Through a collaborative deal, signed in 2007 and extending through 2029, the Australian Defence Force agreed to buy WGS 6, its launcher and contribute to system sustainment costs in exchange for a piece of the worldwide communications capabilities provided by the growing satellite constellation.”This partnership with the U.S. provides the Australian Defence Force with a high bandwidth satellite communications capability with global coverage,” said Warren King, chief executive officer of Australia’s Defence Materiel Organisation.”These satellites provide Australia with improved warfare capabilities through access to world-leading communications in terms of coverage, operational flexibility and bandwidth.”At least 10 WGS satellites will be orbited in the Pentagon’s efforts to replace the aging Defense Satellite Communication System with new technology. Each WGS has 10 times the capacity of a DSCS satellite, allowing users to process and receive data quicker than ever before. In addition to the Australian contribution, a five-nation deal signed last year is funding the upcoming WGS 9 satellite and brings Canada, Denmark, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and New Zealand into the system.”This sharing of resources is very consistant with what the Department of Defense wants to do to form stronger coalitions with our allied partners,” said Dave Madden, the MILSATCOM director at the Air Force’s Space and Missile Systems Center.”When budgets get tight, it actually forces people to think more and work harder together. I think the reductions in the budgets are going to enable us to form some very strong partnerships with a lot of our allied partners that will significantly bring down our operating costs of system and create better interoperability between our forces when we deploy together.”The Delta 4 launches with WGS 6. Credit: Pat Corkery/United Launch AllianceFour WGS satellites are in service today, covering most of the planet except for the Americas. The spacecraft responsible for that zone, WGS 5, was launched May 24 and should be ready for operations in a few months.Madden said WGS 6’s operational point in space has not been determined.”I’m not sure where we are going to end up putting it. But from Australia’s standpoint it doesn’t matter because they’ve bought into a percentage of the constellation,” he said.”Symbolically, it would have been nice to say this one goes right over Australia, they could look up and say that was the one we bought, but it really doesn’t matter to them, what they care about is the bandwidth and worldwide coverage.”The communications package on each WGS provides shaped, steerable spotbeams of bandwidth wherever requested across its field-of-view for X- and Ka-band frequencies, plus the onboard capability to switch signals from one band to the other.”What this system does is it provides point-to-point, multi-point broadcast with seamless crossbanding between X- and Ka-band communications. Where that really comes into play is the key capability of interoperability between various terminals and warfighters,” Madden said.”For example, a Navy ship can be operating X-band and go up to WGS system and be able to communicate with somebody else operating with a Ka terminal and vice-versa. It allows us more flexibility on the ground, the satellite does that conversion for them and we can cross-talk across the services.”The X-band communications through DSCS and WGS allow data, photos and video to be relayed to troops on the battlefield. But WGS also brings Ka-band to the table for high-volume broadcasting to user terminals across the reception area.WGS 6 is seen here in the cleanroom before launch. Credit: United Launch Alliance”What we use wideband communications for is to move large amounts of data — video type information, two commanders trying to talk to each other over video teleconference, share information, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance data (from UAVs), large files that have to move through the system…and we broadcast TV to kiosks,” Madden said.The next four WGS satellites — 7 through 10 — are in production at Boeing facilities in Los Angeles. Launches of those spacecraft begin in 2015.”The demand for wideband satellite communications continues to increase,” said Craig Cooning, vice president and general manager of Boeing Space & Intelligence Systems. “WGS 6 and the additional WGS spacecraft yet to be launched will help to meet that need.”After arriving in its prescribed supersynchronous transfer orbit Wednesday night, Boeing assumed control of WGS 6 from the same command center currently flying WGS 5.WGS 6 will spend about three months using its conventional chemical engines and xenon thrusters to maneuver from the launch’s elliptical dropoff orbit into its test slot in geosynchronous orbit 22,300 miles up.Boeing then conducts a month of system testing before handing over the satellite to the Air Force for its own set of checks before positioning WGS 6 in its final location and setting it operational in early 2014.”With each WGS satellite, Boeing further augments the DOD’s highest capacity communications satellite system. Utilizing steerable and shapable spotbeams to enable the X- and Ka-band protected comm, these satellites provide tremendous operational flexibility for the DOD and allied forces worldwide,” said Mark Spiwak, Boeing’s WGS program director.Wednesday’s flight was United Launch Alliance’s seventh already in 2013, using its fleets of Atlas 5 and Delta 4 boosters. The company has five more manifested this year.Next up is the Delta 4-Heavy rocket on Aug. 28 carrying a classified payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Delta 4 rocket launches from Vandenberg for first timeA Boeing Delta 4 rocket makes its inaugural West Coast blastoff at 8:33 p.m. local time June 27 carrying a classified national security satellite.Photo credit: Gene Blevins/LA Daily News Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Delta 4 rocket launches GOES O The United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket blasts off from Cape Canaveral’s Complex 37 at 6:51 p.m. EDT June 27 carrying the GOES O weather observatory.Photo credit: Carleton Bailie for BoeingPhoto credit: NASA-KSCPhoto credit: Carleton Bailie for BoeingPhoto credit: NASA-KSCPhoto credit: NASA-KSCPhoto credit: Carleton Bailie for BoeingPhoto credit: Carleton Bailie for BoeingPhoto credit: Carleton Bailie for BoeingPhoto credit: Carleton Bailie for BoeingPhoto credit: Carleton Bailie for BoeingPhoto credit: Carleton Bailie for BoeingPhoto credit: NASA-KSCPhoto credit: NASA-KSCPhoto credit: Carleton Bailie for BoeingPhoto credit: NASA-KSCPhoto credit: NASA-KSCPhoto credit: NASA-KSCPhoto credit: NASA-KSCPhoto credit: Carleton Bailie for BoeingPhoto credit: Carleton Bailie for Boeing | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Delta 4 rocket overcomes engine issue during launch SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: October 6, 2012 Generating less than its normal 25,000 pounds of thrust because of a still unknown problem, the upper stage engine on the Delta 4 rocket had to fire for longer periods of time Thursday morning before ultimately delivering the GPS payload into the right orbit, overcoming the adversity to achieve success. Credit: Pat Corkery/United Launch AllianceDelta 4 rocket-maker United Launch Alliance and RL10B-2 engine provider Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne have convened a review panel to look into the telemetry recorded during the ascent and determine what caused the low-thrust condition.Officials say it is too soon to know what, if any, impact the situation will have on plans to launch an Atlas 5 rocket with the Pentagon’s X-37B miniature space shuttle using a Centaur upper stage equipped with a similar-yet-different RL10 powerplant Oct. 25.”Though the GPS 2F-3 mission was a complete success, ULA fully understands the challenges of launch and will thoroughly investigate and implement appropriate actions to reliably deliver our customer’s critical capabilities to the orbital positions required,” Jim Sponnick, ULA’s vice president of missions operations, said in a press release Friday night.Thursday’s voyage of the 20-story rocket set sail at 8:10 a.m. EDT (1210 GMT) from pad 37B at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station topped with the Global Positioning System 2F-3 navigation satellite.A pair of strap-on solid-fuel boosters provided extra power for the first 95 seconds of flight, assisting the cryogenic first stage in climbing away from Earth.The RS-68 main engine finished its burn about four minutes after liftoff and separated, leaving the upper stage with the RL10B-2 to deploy its extendible carbon-carbon nozzle and ignite.The mission sequence planned three burns of the upper stage, initial reaching a low-altitude parking orbit, then a highly elliptical transfer orbit and eventually achieving a circular orbit in line with the GPS constellation 11,000 nautical miles up.That first burn was supposed to last nearly 8 minutes. However, it ran around a half-minute longer than expected as a consequence of the lower-than-planned thrust output, to reach the parking orbit of roughly 213 by 88 nautical miles, tilted 41.6 degrees to the equator.The rocket coasted over the central Atlantic for about 9 minutes before restarting the engine to run for a scheduled three minutes — but went about a minute beyond the anticipated duration — to inject itself into an orbit with a high point of 11,001 nautical miles, a low point of 129 nautical miles and inclined 43.3 degrees.Precise numbers on the actual burn durations and exactly how long the firings went overtime were not immediately available to the press Saturday.There was no official indication that the launch was in trouble as it unfolded live. Behind the scenes, however, there were worries about the engine’s performance. Animation of the upper stage firing. Credit: United Launch AllianceA three-hour quiet coast period then began as the rocket motor and attached payload traveled away from Earth toward the high-mark of the orbit for one final firing.The third burn raised the orbit’s low point and increased the inclination to ascend into the GPS network, then Delta released the satellite cargo into an approximate 11,047-nautical-mile perch tilted 55 degrees to the equator.Officials indicate the final burn produced the necessary boost to finish shaping the orbit for GPS 2F-3. Whether this firing also suffered the low-thrust condition or not has not been confirmed.But the satellite arrived in space exactly where it was intended to fly despite the engine situation that, remarkably, was not a detriment to the launch’s end result.”The Delta 4’s robust system design, flight software, vehicle margins and propellant reserves enabled the successful outcome for this mission,” ULA said in a statement to reporters Friday night.”The unexpected signature was seen during second stage performance as evidenced by a reduced thrust level of the RL10 engine. The onboard inertial guidance and flight control systems compensated for the lower thrust conditions and the Delta second stage delivered the satellite to the proper orbit.”The investigation team assembled by ULA and PWR will have oversight from major customers, the press release said. The panel will work to determine what caused the low-thrust and identify what actions should be taken to prevent a reoccurrence in the future.Fed with supercold liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen, the RL10B-2 is the latest in a long line of upper stage engines dating back a half-century. The original version of the RL10 debuted successfully on an Atlas rocket in 1963 and has been part of Centaur for more than 200 space missions.The RL10 has dispatched robotic expeditions to every planet in our solar system, plus multiple missions to the moon and countless military spacecraft and commercial communications satellites in orbits around Earth.This latest RL10 variant was introduced in 1998 as part of Boeing’s Delta 3 program, which served as a stepping-stone to the Delta 4 rocket and development of its cryogenic upper stage.The engine has been fired in space 23 times to date.Its specs include a nominal thrust of 24,750 pounds, mass of 664 pounds, an overall length of 13.6 feet, including 7 feet just for the nozzle extension and a specific impulse of 465.5 seconds.STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Delta 4 rocket poised for first California launchSPACEFLIGHT NOW

Posted: April 18, 2006T-00:00LiftoffThe Delta 2 rocket’s main engine and twin vernier steering thrusters are started moments before launch. The four ground-start strap-on solid rocket motors are ignited at T-0 to begin the mission.T+01:04.7Ground SRM BurnoutThe ground-start Alliant TechSystems-built solid rocket motors consume all their propellant and burn out.T+01:22.5Jettison Ground SRMsThe spent solid rocket boosters are jettisoned to fall into the Pacific Ocean. The spent casings remained attached until the vehicle passed into preset drop zone, clear of offshore oil platforms.T+04:26.4Main Engine CutoffAfter consuming its RP-1 fuel and liquid oxygen, the Rocketdyne RS-27A first stage main engine is shut down. The vernier engines cut off moments later.T+04:35.0Stage SeparationThe Delta rocket’s first stage is separated now, having completed its job. The spent stage will fall into the Pacific Ocean.T+04:40.5Second Stage IgnitionWith the stage jettisoned, the rocket’s second stage takes over. The Aerojet AJ118-K liquid-fueled engine ignites for the first of two firings needed to place the CALIPSO and CloudSat spacecraft into the proper orbit.T+04:45.0Jettison Payload FairingThe 10-foot diameter payload fairing that protected the satellites atop the Delta 2 during the atmospheric ascent is jettisoned is two halves.T+11:15.2Second Stage Cutoff 1The second stage engine shuts down to complete its first firing of the launch. The rocket and attached CALIPSO and CloudSat spacecraft spacecraft are now in a long coast period before the second stage reignites. The orbit achieved should be 434 miles at apogee, 115 miles at perigee and inclined 98.08 degrees.T+59:59.5Second Stage RestartDelta’s second stage engine reignites for a short firing to raise the orbit’s perigee.T+60:11.6Second Stage Cutoff 2The second stage shuts down after a 12-second burst. The orbit achieved should be 436 miles at apogee, 427 miles at perigee and inclined 98.2 degrees.T+62:24.0CALIPSO SeparationThe joint U.S. and French Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) spacecraft is released from the Delta 2 rocket.T+95:19.0DPAF Jettisonthe Dual Payload Attach Fitting — the barrel-like structure that supported CALIPSO during launch and enclosed CloudSat — is opened up by jettisoning the top portion.T+96:39.0CloudSat SeparationNASA’s CloudSat spacecraft is released from the Delta 2 rocket to complete the launch.Data source: Boeing.John Glenn Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The historic first orbital flight by an American is marked by this commemorative patch for John Glenn and Friendship 7.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is available in our store. Get this piece of history!Celebrate the shuttle programFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This special commemorative patch marks the retirement of NASA’s Space Shuttle Program. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store.Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Delta 322 launch timelineSPACEFLIGHT NOW

Posted: October 15, 2006T-00:00LiftoffThe Delta 2 rocket’s main engine and twin vernier steering thrusters are started moments before launch. The six ground-start strap-on solid rocket motors are ignited at T-0 to begin the mission.T+01:03.1Ground SRM BurnoutThe six ground-start Alliant TechSystems-built solid rocket motors consume all their propellant and burn out.T+01:05.5Air-Lit SRM IgnitionThe three remaining solid rocket motors strapped to the Delta 2 rocket’s first stage are ignited.T+01:06.0Jettison Ground SRMsThe six spent ground-started solid rocket boosters are jettisoned in sets of three to fall into the Atlantic Ocean.T+02:11.5Jettison Air-Lit SRMsHaving burned out, the three spent air-started solid rocket boosters are jettisoned toward the Atlantic Ocean.T+04:23.4Main Engine CutoffAfter consuming its RP-1 fuel and liquid oxygen, the Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne RS-27A first stage main engine is shut down. The vernier engines cut off moments later.T+04:31.4Stage SeparationThe Delta rocket’s first stage is separated now, having completed its job. The spent stage will fall into the Atlantic Ocean.T+04:36.9Second Stage IgnitionWith the stage jettisoned, the rocket’s second stage takes over. The Aerojet AJ118-K liquid-fueled engine ignites for the first of two firings needed to place the upper stage and GPS 2R-17 satellite into the proper orbit.T+04:57.0Jettison Payload FairingThe 9.5-foot diameter payload fairing that protected the GPS 2R-17 satellite atop the Delta 2 during the atmospheric ascent is jettisoned is two halves.T+10:48.1Second Stage Cutoff 1The second stage engine shuts down to complete its first firing of the launch. The rocket and attached GPS 2R-17 spacecraft are now in a coast period before the second stage reignites. The orbit achieved should be 111 miles at apogee, 94 miles at perigee and inclined 37.5 degrees.T+62:29.2Second Stage RestartDelta’s second stage engine reignites for a brief firing that will raise the orbit’s high point.T+63:11.7Second Stage Cutoff 2The second stage shuts down. The orbit achieved should be 670 miles at apogee, 103 miles at perigee and inclined 37.95 degrees. Over the next minute, tiny thrusters on the side of the rocket will be fired to spin up the vehicle in preparation for stage separation.T+64:04.7Stage SeparationThe liquid-fueled second stage is jettisoned from the rest of the Delta 2 rocket.T+64:41.7Third Stage IgnitionThe Thiokol Star 48B solid-fueled third stage is ignited to deliver the GPS 2R-17 satellite into its intended orbit around Earth.T+66:08.4Third Stage BurnoutHaving used up all its solid-propellant, the third stage burns out to completed the powered phase of the launch sequence for GPS 2R-17.T+68:01.7GPS 2R-17 SeparationThe U.S. Air Force’s NAVSTAR Global Positioning System Block 2R-17 spacecraft is released into space. The Delta should have placed the satellite into a transfer orbit with a high point of 10,998 nautical miles and low point of 104 nautical miles inclined 40 degrees. The satellite will circularize its orbit and raise inclination to 55 degrees for joining the GPS constellation.Data source: ULAAres 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.GPS 2R-18 launch timelineSPACEFLIGHT NOW

Posted: April 20, 2004 The Boeing Delta 2 rocket is fueled up during the countdown on April 19. But this first launch attempt ended in a cliffhanger three minutes before liftoff time when officials ruled there wasn’t sufficient time to ensure the correct high-altitude wind data had been loaded into the rocket’s guidance computer. Liftoff was scrubbed 24 hours. Credit: Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Launch warnings show Delta 4 headed for backwards orbit SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: March 27, 2012 All systems remain “go” for Thursday’s launch of the Delta 4 rocket carrying a reconnaissance satellite for U.S. national security, apparently bound for an unusual retrograde orbit around the Earth.Archived artwork depicts a Delta 4 flying from Space Launch Complex 6.The official Notices to Airmen, or NOTAMs, released to the public this week to establish clear warning zones around the rocket’s flight path indicate the booster is headed southwestward from Vandenberg Air Force Base on its trek downrange.Typical Vandenberg launches head southward toward polar orbits or slightly southeastward on so-called “coast-hugger” ascents, depending on the payload’s desired orbit.In the upcoming launch, however, the Delta 4 rocket will take a distinct trajectory out over the Pacific Ocean that would result in delivering its classified satellite cargo into a retrograde orbit flying against Earth’s natural rotation.One other recent Vandenberg launch took such a course in September 2010 when an Atlas 5 rocket deployed the first in a new-generation of radar surveillance spacecraft that provide imaging of targets in daylight or darkness, can see through cloud cover and resolve structures beneath the ground’s surface.The National Reconnaissance Office, the customer for this launch and operator of the country’s fleet of spy satellites, does not announce the purpose of the spacecraft being sent up on each launch. The flight is known only as the NROL-25 mission.Liftoff is targeted to occur at 3:30 p.m. local time (6:30 p.m. EDT; 2230 GMT). The usable length of the launch window isn’t being disclosed to the public in advance, but officials have said liftoff won’t occur after 5:15 p.m. local.This new type of radar-imaging satellite follows the previous, albeit larger Lacrosse spacecraft launched by the shuttle Atlantis in 1988 and mighty Titan 4 rockets through 2005. The updated design is smaller and less massive, enabling the craft to fly aboard mid-sized Atlas 5 and Delta 4 rockets.The upper stage of the Delta 4 rocket almost certainly will perform two firings to deliver the payload into a preliminary orbit. The spent stage then executes a deorbit burn to remove itself from space and plunge back into the southern Indian Ocean on its second orbit, also noted in the NOTAMs.The radar satellite will reside in a retrograde orbit tilted 123 degrees relative to the equator, eventually maneuvering itself to an operational altitude of about 685 miles high to pair up with the constellation’s first craft.The weather outlook for launch forecasts only a 30 percent chance of acceptable conditions for the liftoff time. Gusty ground winds are the prime concern for scuttling the countdown.John Glenn Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The historic first orbital flight by an American is marked by this commemorative patch for John Glenn and Friendship 7.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is available in our store. Get this piece of history!Celebrate the shuttle programFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This special commemorative patch marks the retirement of NASA’s Space Shuttle Program. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Issued: Friday, January 7

Posted: July 25, 2007T-00:00LiftoffThe ULA Delta 2 rocket’s main engine and twin vernier steering thrusters are started moments before launch. The six ground-start strap-on solid rocket motors are ignited at T-0 to begin the mission.T+01:03.1Ground SRM BurnoutThe six ground-start Alliant TechSystems-built solid rocket motors consume all their propellant and burn out.T+01:05.5Air-Lit SRM IgnitionThe three remaining solid rocket motors strapped to the Delta 2 rocket’s first stage are ignited.T+01:06.0Jettison Ground SRMsThe six spent ground-started solid rocket boosters are jettisoned in sets of three to fall into the Atlantic Ocean.T+02:11.5Jettison Air-Lit SRMsHaving burned out, the three spent air-started solid rocket boosters are jettisoned toward the Atlantic Ocean.T+04:23.3Main Engine CutoffAfter consuming its RP-1 fuel and liquid oxygen, the Rocketdyne RS-27A first stage main engine is shut down. The vernier engines cut off moments later.T+04:31.3Stage SeparationThe Delta rocket’s first stage is separated now, having completed its job. The spent stage will fall into the Atlantic Ocean.T+04:36.8Second Stage IgnitionWith the stage jettisoned, the rocket’s second stage takes over. The Aerojet AJ10-118K liquid-fueled engine ignites for the first of its two firings to boost the Phoenix spacecraft.T+05:03.0Jettison Payload FairingThe 9.5-foot diameter payload fairing that protected the Phoenix spacecraft atop the Delta 2 during the atmospheric ascent is jettisoned is two halves.T+09:20.5Second Stage Cutoff 1The second stage engine shuts down to complete its first firing of the launch after reaching an 86.4 by 96.5 nautical mile orbit at 28.5 degrees inclination. The rocket and attached spacecraft are now in a coast period before the second stage reignites.T+73:47.2Second Stage RestartDelta’s second stage engine reignites for a firing that accelerates the payload further.T+76:02.3Second Stage Cutoff 2The stage shuts down to complete its second burn having reached an 87.7 by 3,128.1 nautical mile orbit at 28.5 degrees inclination. Over the next minute, tiny thrusters on the side of the rocket will be fired to spin up the vehicle in preparation for stage separation.T+77:05.5Stage SeparationThe liquid-fueled second stage is jettisoned from the rest of the Delta 2 rocket.T+77:42.8Third Stage IgnitionThe Thiokol Star 48B solid-fueled third stage is ignited to propel Phoenix on its departure trajectory from Earth.T+79:10.3Third Stage BurnoutHaving used up all its solid-propellant, the third stage burns out to completed the powered phase of the launch sequence for Phoenix.T+84:10.3Phoenix SeparationNASA’s Phoenix spacecraft is released from the third stage to begin the nine-month cruise to the Red Planet.Data source: ULAFinal Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Phoenix science instrumentsFROM NASA PRESS KITThe Phoenix Mars Lander carries seven science instruments, three of which are suites of multipletools.The Robotic Arm will allow Phoenix to explore vertically and to use instruments on thespacecraft deck to analyze samples of Martian soil and ice. The arm will dig trenches, positionsome arm-mounted tools for studying the soil in place, and deliver scooped-up samples toother instruments.The aluminum and titanium arm is 2.35 meters (7.7 feet) long. One end is attached to thelander’s deck. An elbow joint is in the middle. The other end has a scoop with blades for digginginto the soil and a powered rasp for breaking up frozen soil. The arm moves like a backhoe,using four types of motion: up-and-down, side-to-side, back-and-forth and rotating.The arm can reach far enough to dig about half a meter (20 inches) deep. However, the subsurfaceice layer expected at the landing site may not lie that deep. Once the arm reaches theicy-soil layer, the powered rasp will be used to acquire samples.Because the arm will be making direct contact with icy soil that is conceivably a habitat wheremicrobes could survive, extra precaution has been taken with it to prevent introducing life fromEarth. Before the arm was given a sterilizing heat treatment in March 2007, it was enclosedin a biological barrier wrap. This barrier is keeping microbes off the arm during the subsequentmonths before launch. It will not open until after Phoenix has landed on Mars.The robotic arm uses design work for a similar arm flown on the 1999 Mars Polar Lander mission,with refinements including enhanced capability for collecting an icy sample.A team led by Robert Bonitz at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., engineeredand tested the Phoenix Robotic Arm. Alliance Spacesystems Inc., Pasadena, built it.Ray Arvidson of Washington University in St. Louis is the lead scientist for this instrument.The Robotic Arm Camera rides fastened to the arm just above the scoop. It will providecloseup color images of Martian soil at the landing site, of the floor and walls of trenches dugby the arm, and of soil and ice samples before and after they are in the scoop.Information the camera reveals about soil textures will aid in selecting what to pick up assamples for analysis. Observations of trench walls will determine whether they show fine-scalelayering, which could result from changes in the Martian climate.The camera has a double Gauss lens system, a design commonly used in 35-millimeter cameras.Images are recorded by a charge-coupled device (CCD) similar to those in consumer digitalcameras. The instrument includes sets of red, green and blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs)for illuminating the target area.The focus can be adjusted by a motor, which is a first for a camera on an interplanetary spacecraft. The focus can be set as close as about 11 millimeters (half an inch) and out to infinity.With a resolution of 23 microns per pixel at the closest focus, this camera can show detailsmuch finer than the width of a human hair.A team led by H. Uwe Keller at the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany, and by Peter Smith at the University of Arizona originally built this camerafor the Mars Surveyor 2001 Lander mission, which was canceled in 2000. It is similar to acamera on the robotic arm of the unsuccessful Mars Polar Lander spacecraft, though with animproved illumination system. For the Phoenix Robotic Arm Camera, Keller is the lead scientistand Chris Shinohara of the University of Arizona is the lead engineer.The Surface Stereoscopic Imager will record panoramic views of the surroundings fromatop a mast on the lander. Its images from two cameras situated about as far apart as a pair ofhuman eyes will provide three-dimensional information that the Phoenix team will use in choosingwhere to dig and in operating the robotic arm.A choice of 12 different filters for each eye enables the instrument to produce images not onlyin full color, but in a several specific visual and infrared frequencies useful for interpreting geological and atmospheric properties. The multispectral and three-dimensional information willhelp scientists understand the geology of the landing area.The twin cameras will be able to look in all directions from a perch about 2 meters (7 feet)above Martian ground level. They will see with about the same resolution as human eyes,capturing each view onto 1-megapixel charge-coupled devices (a 1,024-by-1,024-pixel CCDfor each eye).The instrument will sometimes point upward to assess how much dust and water vapor is inthe atmosphere. When the robotic arm delivers soil and ice samples to deck-mounted instruments,the Surface Stereoscopic Imager will be able to look downward to inspect the samples.Views of the spacecraft’s deck will also monitor dust accumulation, which is of scientific interestfor inferences about Martian winds and of engineering interest for effects of the dust buildupon solar panels.A University of Arizona team led by Chris Shinohara built the Phoenix Surface StereoscopicImager. Mark Lemmon of Texas A&M University, College Station, is lead scientist for this camera.The instrument closely resembles a stereo imager on Mars Polar Lander, which in turnused design features from the imager on Mars Pathfinder, which provided stereo views fromthe surface of Mars in July 1997.The Thermal and Evolved-Gas Analyzer will study substances that are converted to gasesby heating samples delivered to the instrument by the robotic arm. It provides two types of information.One of its tools, called a differential scanning calorimeter, monitors how much poweris required to increase the temperature of the sample at a constant rate. This reveals whichtemperatures are the transition points from solid to liquid to gas for ingredients in the sample.The gases that are released, or “evolved,” by this heating then go to a mass spectrometer, atool that can identify the chemicals and measure their composition.The mass spectrometer will determine whether the samples of soil and ice contain any organiccompounds. It would be used to identify the types and amounts if any are present. Finding anywould be an important result for interpreting the habitability of the site.The instrument will also give information about water and carbon dioxide present as ices orbound to minerals. The amount of heat needed to drive off water or carbon dioxide that isbound to minerals is characteristically different for different minerals. The calorimeter’s information from that process can help identify minerals in the soil, including carbonates if they are present.The mass spectrometer will measure the ratios of different isotopes of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen,argon and some other elements in the Martian samples. Isotopes are alternate forms ofthe same element with different atomic weights due to different numbers of neutrons. Ratioscan be changed by the effects of long-term processes that act preferentially on lighter or heavierisotopes of the same element. For example, some of Mars’ original water was lost from theplanet by processes at the top of the atmosphere, favoring the removal of lighter isotopes ofhydrogen and oxygen and leaving modern Mars water with a raised ratio of heavier isotopes.The instrument has eight tiny ovens for samples, each to be used only once. The ovens areabout 1 centimeter (about half an inch) long and 2 millimeters (one-eighth inch) in diameter.At the start of an analysis, sample material is dropped into the oven through a screen. Theoven closes after a light-beam detector senses that it is full. The experiment gradually heatssamples to temperatures as high as 1,000 degrees Celsius (1,800 degrees Fahrenheit).Theheating process drives off water and any other volatile ingredients as a stream of gases. Thosegases are directed to the mass spectrometer.One of the samples that the instrument will analyze will be a special material that the landercarries from Earth, specially prepared to be as free of carbon as possible. This will serve asan experimental control as the instrument analyzes samples excavated at Mars. The controlmaterial is made of a machinable glass ceramic substance named Macor, from Corning Inc.The arm will scrape some of it up and deliver it to the analyzer to get a reading showing howwell the experiment can eliminate carbon carried from Earth. Carbon detected in assessmentsof Martian samples might be unavoidable traces of Earth carbon if the readings are no higherthan the amount in this control sample.The mass spectrometer part of the analyzer will examine samples of atmosphere at the landingsite, in addition to the evolved gases from scooped-up samples. The atmospheric measurementswill add information about humidity to the weather data monitored by the spacecraft’sMeteorological Station.The Thermal and Evolved-Gas Analyzer was built by teams at the University of Arizona, ledby William Boynton (science lead) and Heather Enos (project manager), and at the Universityof Texas, Dallas, led by John Hoffman. It is adapted from a similar instrument with the samename that flew on the Mars Polar Lander mission in 1999.The Microscopy, Electrochemistry and Conductivity Analyzer will use four tools to examinesoil. It will assess characteristics that a gardener or farmer would learn from a soil test,plus several more. Three of the tools will analyze samples of soil scooped and delivered bythe robotic arm — a wet chemistry laboratory and two types of microscopes. The fourth tool ismounted near the end of the arm, and has a row of four small spikes that the arm will push intothe ground to examine electrical conductivity and other properties of the soil.The wet chemistry laboratory has four teacup-size beakers. Each will be used only once.Samples from Mars’ surface and three lower depths may be analyzed and compared. Theinstrument will study soluble chemicals in the soil by mixing water with the sample to a soupyconsistency and keeping it warm enough to remain liquid during the analysis.On the inner surfaces of each beaker are 26 sensors, mostly electrodes behind selectively permeablemembranes or gels. Some sensors will give information about the pH of the soil — thedegree to which it is acidic or alkaline. Soil pH is an important factor in what types of chemicalreactions, or perhaps what types of microbes, a soil habitat would favor, and it is has neverbeen measured on Mars. Other sensors will gauge concentrations of such ions as chlorides,bromides, magnesium, calcium and potassium, which form soluble salts in soil, and will recordthe level of the sample’s oxidizing potential. One chemically important ion in soil, sulfate,cannot be directly sensed, so the analysis of each sample will end with a special process thatdetermines the amount of sulfate by observing its reaction with barium. Comparisons of theconcentrations of water-soluble ions in samples from different depths may provide clues to thehistory of water in the soil.The wet chemistry setup has a built-in robotic laboratory technician that adds potions to eachbeaker in a choreographed two-day sequence. Before each soil sample goes in, about 25cubic centimeters (nearly two tablespoons) of ice with dilute concentrations of several ionsis slowly melted in a special container, a process that takes one to two hours. After the wateris released into the beaker, the sensors make baseline measurements at this starting point.The first of five pill-size crucibles of prepared chemicals is then added to increase ion concentrationsby a known amount in order to calibrate the measurements. Next, a drawer abovethe beaker extends to receive the soil sample, and the scoop on the robotic arm drops up toone cubic centimeter (one-fifth of a teaspoon) of soil into the drawer, which then retracts anddumps the sample into the beaker. A paddle stirs the soup for hours while the sensors takemeasurements. The next day, the second crucible adds nitrobenzoic acid to the beaker to testhow ions from the soil react to increased acidity. The last three crucibles hold barium chloride.As they are added, one at a time, any sulfate from the soil reacts with the barium to make aninsoluble compound, taking both the barium and the sulfate out of solution. The amount of sulfatein the soil sample is determined by measuring the amount of unreacted barium left behind.The “microscopy” part of the Microscopy, Electrochemistry and Conductivity Analyzer will examinesoil particles and possibly ice particles with both an optical microscope and an atomicforce microscope. The robotic arm delivers soil samples to a wheel that rotates to presentthe samples to the microscopes. Along the perimeter of the wheel are substrates with differenttypes of surfaces, such as magnets and sticky silicone. This allows the experiment to getinformation from the particles’ interaction with the various surfaces, as well as from the sizes,shapes and colors of the particles themselves.The biggest particles the optical microscope can view are about as long across as the thicknessof a dime, just over a millimeter. The smallest it can see are about 500 times smaller — about 2 microns across. That would be the smallest scale ever seen on Mars, except thatthe atomic force microscope will image details down to another 20 times smaller than that — assmall as about 100 nanometers, one one-hundredth the width of a human hair.The optical microscope obtains color information by illuminating the sample with any combinationof four different light sources. The illumination comes from 12 light-emitting diodes shiningin red, blue, green or ultraviolet parts of the spectrum. The atomic force microscope assemblesan image of the surface shape of a particle by sensing it with a sharp tip at the end of a spring,which has a strain gauge indicating how far the spring flexes to follow the contour of the surface.The process is like a much smaller version of a phonograph needle tracking the bumpinessinside the groove of a vinyl record.The shapes and the size distributions of soil particles may tell scientists about environmentalconditions the material has experienced. Tumbling rounds the edges. Repeated wetting andfreezing causes cracking. Clay minerals formed during long exposure to water have distinctive,plate-shaped particle shapes.The “conductivity” part of the Microscopy, Electrochemistry and Conductivity Analyzer will assesshow heat and electricity move through the soil from one spike to another of a four-spikeelectronic fork that will be pushed into the soil at different stages of digging by the arm. Forexample, a pulse of heat will be put onto one spike, and the rate at which the temperature riseson the nearby spike will be recorded, along with the rate at which the heated needle cools off.A little bit of ice in the soil can make a big difference in how well the soil conducts heat. Similarly, soil’s electrical conductivity is a sensitive indicator of moisture in the soil. Soil moisture may have subtle stages intermediate between frozen solid and liquid, including warm ice andwater films, which may be biologically available. The device, called the thermal and electricalconductivity probe, adapts technology used in commercial soil-moisture gauges for irrigationcontrol systems.The conductivity probe has an additional role besides soil analysis. It will serve as a humiditysensor when held in the air. Also, slight temperature changes from one spike to the next canallow it to estimate wind speed.The Microscopy, Electrochemistry and Conductivity Analyzer is based on an instrument developedfor the Mars Surveyor 2001 Lander mission, which was canceled in 2000. The instrumentfor Phoenix inherited many of the original electronic and structural components. The conductivityprobe and other improvements have been added to the earlier design.A team led by Michael Hecht at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., designedand built the analyzer. A consortium led by Urs Staufer of the University of Neuchatel, Switzerland,provided the atomic force microscope. The University of Arizona provided the opticalmicroscope, equipped with an electronic detector (the same as in the Robotic Arm Camera)from the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany. JohnMarshall of the SETI Institute, Mountain View, Calif., is lead scientist for the optical microscope.Transfer Engineering and Manufacturing Inc., Fremont, Calif. (formerly Surface/Interface Inc.of Mountain View, Calif.) designed the sample wheel for the microscopes. Aaron Zent of NASAAmes Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif., is science lead for the thermal and electrical conductivity probe, built by Decagon Devices Inc., Pullman, Wash. For the wet chemistry experiment,Thermo Fisher Scientific (formerly the Water Analysis Division of Thermo Corp., Beverly,Mass.) provided the chemical beakers; Starsys Research Corp., Boulder, Colo. provided thechemistry actuator assemblies and Tufts University, Medford, Mass., prepared the crucibles ofreagents for mixing with the soil samples. Sam Kounaves of Tufts is lead scientist for the wetchemistry investigation.The Meteorological Station will track daily weather and seasonal changes using temperatureand pressure sensors plus a laser-reflection instrument. The information collected by thisfirst high-latitude weather station on Mars will aid understanding of how water is cycled seasonallybetween ice on the ground and vapor in the atmosphere.The laser tool, called a lidar for “light detection and ranging,” uses powerful laser pulses ina way comparable to radio pulses emitted by a radar instrument. The laser beam is emittedvertically into the atmosphere. Atmospheric dust and ice particles in the beam’s path reflect thelight, sending it in all directions, including straight downward. A telescope integrated into theinstrument detects the downward-reflected light. Analysis of the strength and time-delay of thereflections reveals information about the sizes and altitudes of the particles. Tracking changesin these atmospheric particles’ abundances and locations over time will help researchers studyhow clouds and dust plumes form and move.The weather station includes a 1.2-meter (4-foot) mast bearing sensors at three heights tomonitor how temperature varies with height near the surface. The temperature sensors arethin-wire thermocouples; they measure temperature by its effect on the flow of an electricalcurrent through a closed circuit of two metals with different thermal properties. The thermocouplesuse the metals chromel (a nickel and chromium alloy) and constantan (a copper andnickel alloy). Also, hanging from the top of the mast is a wind telltale. This is a small tube thatwill be deflected by the wind. The science payload’s stereo camera will record images of thetelltale that will be used to determine wind direction and speed. The top of the meteorologymast, at 1.14 meters (3.75 feet) above the deck, is the highest point on the lander.The Canadian Space Agency provided the Meteorological Station for Phoenix. Jim Whitewayof York University, Toronto, Ontario, leads the Canadian science team. The instrument constructionwas led by the Space Missions Group of MDA Ltd., Brampton, Ontario, with contributionsfrom Optech Inc., Toronto, for the lidar. The Finnish Meteorological Institute provided theinstrument for measuring atmospheric pressure. Aarhus University, Denmark, constructed thewind telltale.The Mars Descent Imager will take a downward-looking picture during the final momentsbefore the spacecraft lands on Mars. This image will provide a bridge between orbiter-scaleand lander-scale images. It is expected to show geological context helpful for planning thelander’s activities and for interpreting other science instruments’ observations and measurements.Conditions at the landing site have different implications if the site appears to be typicalof a much broader area than if the site happens to be an unusual patch of ground unlike itssurroundings.This camera is mounted on the outer edge of the payload deck of the lander. It was designedto take several images, but the plan was altered to just one image after testing showed that adata-handling component elsewhere on the lander had a small possibility of triggering loss ofsome vital engineering data if it receives imaging data during a critical phase of final descent.The timing of the image will be planned to yield higher resolution of the landing area than currentlypossible from orbit.The imager weighs just 480 grams (1 pound). The optics provide a field of view of 75.3 degrees.Exposure time is 4 milliseconds.. At that speed, some blurring may occur as the descentengines vibrate the spacecraft while the camera takes its image.Future spacecraft to the surface of Mars may need capability for steering themselves to avoidhazards or to reach specific landing sites. Descent imaging could be an important componentof the technology for accomplishing that.A tiny microphone is riding on the descent camera. It might catch sounds around the spacecraftwhile the camera is taking its image. There are no plans to power the camera to takepictures or to record sounds after the landing.The Mars Descent Imager that will fly on Phoenix was originally built for the Mars Surveyor2001 Lander mission, by a team led by Michael Malin at Malin Space Science Systems, SanDiego. A similar camera flew on Mars Polar Lander.Research StrategyThe planned operational life of the Phoenix Mars lander after it reaches Mars is 90 Martiandays. Each Martian day, often called a “sol,” lasts about 40 minutes longer than an Earth day.That gives the Phoenix team three months to use the lander’s instruments to address the waterand habitat questions of the mission’s science objectives. Planning and practice simulationsbefore landing will prepare the team to make the best possible advantage of that time.Observations made by orbiter spacecraft during the evaluation of candidate landing sites forPhoenix provide a starting-point base of knowledge about the area. After Phoenix has landed,views from the Surface Stereoscopic Imager, with added context from the Mars Descent Cameraand closer looks with the Robotic Arm Camera, will be used for choosing where to collectthe first soil sample for analysis.The first samples fed into the lander’s analyzers will come from the surface. Decisions abouthow much deeper to go before analyzing another sample will depend on results from thesurface material and on what the robotic arm camera and stereo imager see in the soil. TheThermal and Evolved-Gas Analyzer can check for organics and other volatiles in up to eightsamples. Researchers must be choosier with samples for the wet chemistry laboratory of theMicroscopy, Electrochemistry and Conductivity Analyzer, which can examine four differentsamples. The microscopes and conductivity probe can analyze soil more frequently during the90 sols. Meanwhile, the weather station and stereo imager will monitor changes in water anddust in the atmosphere throughout the mission. If the spacecraft remains functional longer thanthe 90-day prime mission, weather information might be collected during the approach of thenorthern hemisphere autumn on Mars, when dwindling sunlight will eventually make operationsimpossible, and buildup of carbon-dioxide frost will coat the spacecraft.What types of findings would help answer questions about the history of water? If the microscopesfind fine silty sediments or clay textures, that would be evidence supporting the hypothesisthat the northern highlands of Mars once held an ocean. The presence of carbonatesor other minerals that form in liquid water would be another. Rounded sand grains in the soilcould suggest a history of flowing water.The mass spectrometer will measure isotopic ratios. If there are differences between thoseratios in subsurface ice and in atmospheric water, that could suggest the subsurface ice is ancient.A gradient in the concentrations of salts at different depths in the soil would support thehypothesis that climate cycles periodically thaw some subsurface ice. The conductivity probe’sfindings about thermal properties of the soil, combined with determination of the depth to an icylayer, could strengthen estimates for how much change in climate would be needed to melt theice. The same ground-truth information will refine models of the ice’s depth and of atmosphereiceinteractions in widespread areas of Mars that contain subsurface ice.Using the microscopes and arm camera to learn about how porous and layered the soil iswill help assess whether liquid water has come and gone. The conductivity probe will assesswhether, even today, the soil may have thin films of unfrozen water. Atmospheric measurementsas the season progresses through the Martian summer will aid the understanding ofhow water is seasonally cycled between solid and gas phases in the current Martian climate.What types of findings would help answer questions about whether this site could formerly orstill support microbial life? Three important factors in the suitability of a habitat for life are the availability of liquid water, the presence of carbon and access to energy. So evidence about thehistory of water will be one part of evaluating the habitat.The Thermal and Evolved-Gas Analyzer has the dramatic job of checking for organic carbonmolecules layer by layer as samples come from farther below the surface. Soluble sulfate mineralswould be a possible source of energy that could sustain life. The wet chemistry lab of theMicroscopy, Electrochemistry and Conductivity Analyzer can identify potential chemical-energysources if they are present in soil samples. While the science payload of Phoenix is not designedfor life detection, this mission is an important stepping stone in the search for whetherMars has life. Orbital observations indicate that areas with shallow subsurface ice make up atleast a quarter of the red globe. Phoenix will be the first mission to visit such a site. Its findings about habitability could guide where a future spacecraft searching for life is sent.Researchers have equipped Phoenix to look for answers to many questions posed in advanceabout water and habitat. However, if previous interplanetary missions are an indicator, some ofthe most important results from Phoenix may be surprises that raise new questions.John Glenn Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The historic first orbital flight by an American is marked by this commemorative patch for John Glenn and Friendship 7.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is available in our store. Get this piece of history!Celebrate the shuttle programFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This special commemorative patch marks the retirement of NASA’s Space Shuttle Program. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Phoenix science investigationsFROM NASA PRESS KITThe Phoenix Mars Lander will investigate a site in the far north of Mars to answer questionsabout that part of Mars, and to help resolve broader questions about the planet. The mainquestions concern water and conditions that could support life.The landing region has water ice in soil close to the surface, which NASA’s Mars Odysseyorbiter found to be the case for much of the high-latitude terrain in both the north and southhemispheres of Mars.Phoenix will dig down to the icy layer. It will examine soil in place at the surface, at the icy layer and in between, and it will scoop up samples for analysis by its onboard instruments. One keyinstrument will check for water and carbon-containing compounds by heating soil samples intiny ovens and examining the vapors that are given off. Another will test soil samples by addingwater and analyzing the dissolution products. Cameras and microscopes will provide informationon scales spanning 10 powers of 10, from features that could fit by the hundreds into theperiod at the end of this sentence to an aerial view taken during descent. A weather station willprovide information about atmospheric processes in an arctic region where a coating of carbon-dioxide ice comes and goes with the seasons.Mars is a vast desert where water is not found in liquid form on the surface, even in placeswhere mid-day temperatures exceed the melting point of ice. One exception may be fleetingoutbreaks that have been proposed to explain modern-day flows down some Martian gullies.Today’s arid surface is not the whole story, though. Previous Mars missions have found thatliquid water has persisted at times in Mars’ past and that water ice near the surface remainsplentiful today.Water is a key to four of the most critical questions about Mars: Has Mars ever had life? Howshould humans prepare for exploring Mars? What can Mars teach us about climate change?How do geological processes differ on Mars and on Earth? Water is a prerequisite for life, apotential resource for human explorers and a major agent of climate and geology. That’s whyNASA has pursued a strategy of “follow the water” for investigating Mars. Orbiters and surfacemissions in recent years have provided many discoveries about the history and distribution ofwater on Mars — such as minerals that formed in wet environments long ago and liquid flowsthat are still active today in hillside gullies.The landing site and onboard toolkit of Phoenix position this mission to follow the water further.The mission’s three main science objectives are:1. Study the history of water in all its phases.On a time scale of billions of years, ice near the surface where Phoenix will land might be theremnant of an ancient northern sea. Several types of evidence point to plentiful liquid water onancient Mars, and the northern hemisphere is low and smooth compared to the southern hemisphere.Much of the water that could have remained liquid when ancient Mars had a thickeratmosphere may now be underground ice.On a time scale of tens of thousands to a few million years, ice near the surface where Phoenixlands might periodically thaw during warmer periods of climate cycles. The tilt of Mars’ axis wobbles more than Earth’s, and the shape of Mars’ orbit also cycles over time, from rounderto more elongated. Currently, Mars is about 20 percent farther from the sun during northernsummer than during northern winter, so the summers are relatively cool in the north. As theorbit varies, the northern ice cap will enjoy warm winters on a 50,000-year cycle. The wobbleof Mars’ axis may also cause the climate to change on a time scale of 100,000 to millions ofyears.On much shorter time scales, the arctic ground “breathes” every day and every season, convertingtiny amounts of ice into water vapor on summer days and condensing tiny amounts offrost from the atmosphere at night or in winter. In this way, the ice table slowly rises and recedesas the climate changes.Phoenix will collect information relevant for understanding processes affecting water at allthese time scales, from the planet’s distant past to its daily weather.2. Determine if the Martian arctic soil could support life.Life as we know it requires liquid water, but not necessarily its continuous presence. Phoenixwill investigate a hypothesis that some ice in the soil of the landing site may become unfrozenand biologically available at times during the warmer parts of long-period climate cycles. Lifemight persist in some type of dormant microbial form for millions of years between thaws, ifother conditions were right.The spacecraft is not equipped to detect past or present life. However, in addition to studyingthe status and history of water at the site, Phoenix will look for other conditions favorable to life.One condition considered essential for life as we know it is the presence of molecules thatinclude carbon and hydrogen. These are known as organic compounds, whether they comefrom biological sources or not. They include the chemical building blocks of life, as well as substances that can serve as an energy source, or food, for life. Phoenix would be able to detecteven very small amounts and identify them. Two Viking spacecraft that NASA landed on Marsin 1976 made the only previous tests for organic compounds in Martian soil, and they foundnone. Conditions at the surface may be harsh enough to break organic molecules apart andoxidize any carbon into carbon dioxide. Phoenix will assess some factors in those oxidizingconditions, and it will check for organic chemicals below the surface, as well as in the top layer.Organic chemicals would persist better in icy material sheltered from sunshine than in surfacesoil exposed to harsh ultraviolet radiation from the sun.Phoenix will also be checking for other possible raw ingredients for life. It will examine howsalty and how acidic or alkaline the environment is in samples from different layers. It will assessother types of chemicals, such as sulfates, that could be an energy source for microbes.3. Study Martian weather from a polar perspective.In Mars’ polar regions, the amount of water vapor in the thin atmosphere — the humidity — variessignificantly from season to season. Winds carrying water vapor can move water fromplace to place on the planet. The current understanding of these processes is based on observationsfrom orbit and limited meteorological observations from earlier Mars landers closer tothe equator. Phoenix will use an assortment of tools to directly monitor several weather variablesin the lower atmosphere at an arctic site.Phoenix will measure temperatures at ground level and three other heights to about 2 meters(7 feet) above ground. It will check the pressure, humidity and composition of the atmosphereat the surface. And it will identify the amounts, altitudes and movements of clouds and dust inthe sky above.Over the course of the mission, this unprecedented combination of Martian meteorologicalmeasurements will help researchers evaluate correlations such as whether southbound windscarry more humidity than northbound winds; whether drops in air pressure are associated withincreased dust; and how the amount of water vapor at the bottom of the atmosphere changesfrom late spring to mid-summer or later.STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Phoenix spacecraft headed to Mars to probe the water BY WILLIAM HARWOOD

The Delta 2 rocket ignites to launch GPS 2R-11. Credit: Carleton Bailie/BoeingAs the 50th Global Positioning System satellite rose to space Saturday, it celebrated the man who championed the concept of orbiting spacecraft serving as “lighthouses in the sky” to guide mankind with precision navigation information.The late Dr. Ivan A. Getting, credited as the visionary behind GPS and the founding president of The Aerospace Corporation, passed away last October at the age of 91.”Dr. Getting was one of the founding fathers of GPS over 30 years ago. He envisioned GPS and worked tirelessly to make it a reality,” said Jerry Heydinger, Air Force program manager for the GPS space and control segment.GPS satellites send continuous navigation signals that allow users around the world to pinpoint their position and determine time. The signals are so accurate that time can be figured to less than a millionth of a second, velocity to within a fraction of a mile per hour and location to within a few feet. In a lasting tribute that will circle 11,000 miles above the planet, a famous quote by Getting, “Lighthouses in the Sky, Serving All Mankind,” was inscribed on the GPS 2R-11 spacecraft.The quote, along with Getting’s name and the years of his birth and death were carved into a one-tenth-of-a-pound “trim weight” used on the satellite. The plate commemorating Getting is mounted on the side of the GPS satellite. Credit: Air ForceOnce the commemoration idea originated within Aerospace Corporation and the Space and Missile Systems Center at Los Angeles Air Force Base, it quickly gained momentum.”It was obviously a good choice. Dr. Getting was truly a pioneer in the space and GPS worlds,” Heydinger said.”He not only laid the groundwork for GPS, but left his imprint on many other highly successful defense and technology programs integral to our national security and well being,” added Dr. William F. Ballhaus Jr., president and Chief Executive Officer of The Aerospace Corporation.The GPS 2R-11 satellite was successfully launched at 12:53 p.m. EST (1753 GMT) Saturday from Cape Canaveral, Florida.Riding atop a three-stage Boeing Delta 2 rocket, the craft was delivered into a temporary elliptical orbit stretching from 100 miles above Earth at the closest spot to nearly 11,000 miles at apogee. The Delta 2 rocket blasts away from pad 17B on Saturday. Credit: Carleton Bailie/BoeingIn the coming days, the craft will use its kick motor to circularize the orbit at 11,000 miles and join the GPS constellation where it will replace the ailing GPS 2A-19 satellite.”(This) launch is important for ensuring that the GPS system remains robust in its mission of providing precise positioning and time information to military and civilian users around the globe,” said Lt. Col. Michael Mason, Air Force Space Command’s lead for operations and sustainment of the navigation satellite system.The fresh satellite is replacing GPS 2A-19 because the 11-year-old spacecraft has a suspect Navigation Data Unit. “Failure (of GPS 2A-19) is not imminent,” Mason said, noting that the satellite will continue to be used as a spare. “But this (launch) in an important step to make sure we maintain the robustness of the constellation.” Built by Lockheed Martin, the $45 million GPS 2R-11 satellite will fill the Plane C, Slot 3 position in the GPS network.”The 50th GPS mission is a major program milestone and we look forward to achieving a successful on-orbit checkout to quickly place the satellite’s advanced navigational capabilities into operational service,” said Dave Podlesney, Lockheed Martin’s GPS 2R program director.”It’s our fervent hope and prayer that this GPS spacecraft will serve to guide soldiers, sailors, airmen and marines to their destinations and successful completion of their mission, and to their safe return home for years to come,” said Lt. Col. Brad Broemmel, the Air Force launch director. An artist’s concept of a GPS Block 2R satellite orbiting Earth. Credit: Lockheed Martin”GPS capabilities have become a key enabler to the way we perform joint coalition warfighting,” Mason said. “Today, it is impossible to envision putting young men and women into harm’s way without the advantages that GPS brings to the battlefield.”That being said, GPS capabilities have also become a critical enabler for an untold number of civil applications, and the Air Force fully understands its responsibilities and takes its role as the steward of GPS for civil use very seriously.”Twenty-six years ago, the first GPS satellite was launched aboard an Atlas booster from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California. Eleven of the so-called Block 1 GPS satellites were launched through 1985, although one liftoff failed, as the U.S. military tested the space-based navigation concept.Today’s operational GPS system began launching in February 1989 on Delta 2 rockets from the Cape. Nine Block 2, 19 Block 2A and 11 Block 2R spacecraft have launched with one failure.The next GPS is scheduled to go up July 20, followed by another in September.Video coverage for subscribers only:VIDEO:DELTA 2 ROCKET BLASTS OFF WITH GPS 2R-11 VIDEO:LONGER LENGTH LAUNCH MOVIE VIDEO:SPACECRAFT SEPARATION ANNOUNCED VIDEO:FIRST COUNTDOWN HALTED BY ALARM Apollo 11 special patchSpecial collectors’ patch marking the 35th anniversary of the historic Apollo 11 moon landing is now available.Choose your store: – Apollo 12 tribute DVD setNew!Featuring the jovial crew of Pete Conrad, Dick Gordon and Alan Bean, the Apollo 12 mission was struck by lightning shortly after liftoff but proceeded on the second successful exploration voyage to the lunar surface. This three-disc DVD brings the mission to life with extraordinary detail.Choose your store: – – – Fallen Heroes special patchThis special 12-inch embroidered patch commemorates the U.S. astronauts who made the ultimate sacrifice, honoring the crews of Apollo 1, Challenger and Columbia.Choose your store: – – – Women in SpaceWomen of Space: Cool Careers on the Final Frontier is for girls, young women, and anyone else interested in learning about exciting careers in space exploration. Includes CD-ROM.Choose your store: – – – Mars rover posterThis new poster features some of the best pictures from NASA’s amazing Mars Exploration Rovers Spirit and Opportunity.Choose your store:Gemini 7Gemini 7: The NASA Mission Reports covers this 14-day mission by Borman and Lovell as they demonstrated some of the more essential facts of space flight. Includes CD-ROM.Choose your store: – – – Apollo patchesThe Apollo Patch Collection: Includes all 12 Apollo mission patches plus the Apollo Program Patch. Save over 20% off the Individual price.Choose your store: – – – Mars Rover mission patchA mission patch featuring NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover is available from our online.Choose your store: – – – Apollo 9 DVDOn the road to the moon, the mission of Apollo 9 stands as an important gateway in experience and procedures. This 2-DVD collection presents the crucial mission on the voyage to the moon. Choose your store: – – – STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Mars rover collectible patchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This commemorative patch celebrates NASA’s Curiosity rover mission of the Mars Science Laboratory in search of clues whether the Red Planet was once hospitable to life. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Next Delta 4 rocket to boost military communications SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: October 11, 2011 The United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket that will deploy a vital communications satellite for U.S. military forces overseas was placed atop its Cape Canaveral pad this week. Delta 4 rocket heads for launch pad. Credit: Justin Ray/Spaceflight NowLiftoff is targeted for January 19 to deliver the Air Force’s fourth Wideband Global SATCOM spacecraft into orbit and continue ongoing efforts to upgrade the military’s main communications infrastructure.Each WGS has 10 times the capacity of the aging Defense Satellite Communications System spacecraft they are replacing.The satellites supply communications such as maps and data to soldiers on the battlefield, relay video from unmanned aerial reconnaissance drones, route voice calls and data messaging, and even offer quality-of-life considerations like television broadcasts and email delivery to the troops. was launched in October 2007 to cover the vast U.S. Pacific Command that stretches from the U.S. western coast all the way to Southeast Asia. satellite followed with an April 2009 launch to serve U.S. Central Command and the warfighters in Afghanistan, Iraq and other parts of Southwest Asia. went up in December 2009 to cover U.S. European Command and U.S. Africa Command, plus lend additional support over the Middle East. Credit: Justin Ray/Spaceflight NowNow comes WGS 4 early next year with its built-in enhancements to support the higher data rates needed by airborne intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions.The Air Force plans to put WGS 4 into operation over the Middle East and Southeast Asia for U.S. Central Command and U.S. Pacific Command.Getting the 6.5-ton craft into orbit is the mission for the powerful Delta 4 rocket, which began its pre-flight campaign at the launch pad this week.The bright orange and white rocket, stretching 170 feet long, emerged from the Horizontal Integration Facility at 4:30 p.m. EDT Monday. Riding a 36-wheel, diesel-powered transporter, the Delta took an hour-long trip down the road and up the pad’s ramp to Cape Canaveral’s Complex 37.Initial assembly of the rocket, including mating of the cryogenic upper stage with the Common Booster Core first stage using a precision laser alignment system, had been completed inside the Horizontal Integration Facility over the past couple of months.After the vehicle arrived at the base of the pad, technicians went to work Monday evening getting equipment ready to raise the rocket vertically. The pallets cradling the Delta were tied down to the Fixed Pad Erector and the transporter used to drive the rocket to the pad disengaged to pull away.The erector system and its hydraulic pistons then lifted the rocket upright at 10 a.m. EDT Tuesday, setting the vehicle atop the pad’s launch table within 20 minutes.Workers later unhooked the booster from the cradles, allowing the erector platform along with the pallets to lower back to the ground at 5 p.m.Credit: Justin Ray/Spaceflight NowOver the next three months at Complex 37, a full pre-launch test program and the final rocket assembly steps will be carried out, including installation of the four strap-on solid-fuel motors to the first stage and attachment of the payload.WGS 4 is scheduled for shipment from the Boeing satellite manufacturing factory in Los Angeles to Cape Canaveral on November 14 to undergo checkouts and fueling before joining its rocket at the pad.When fully stacked and its nose cone in place, this Delta 4 Medium+(5,4) rocket will tower 217 feet tall. It will be 358th launch of a Delta rocket since 1960 and the 18th for the Delta 4 program since 2002.STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Next GPS satellite moves to Cape Canaveral launch pad SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: June 27, 2011 A Global Positioning System satellite has been loaded aboard its ride to space, arriving Monday at Cape Canaveral’s Complex 37 for mounting atop the United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket.File image shows satellite payload pulling up to Delta’s pad. Credit: NASALiftoff of the GPS 2F-2 spacecraft is scheduled for July 14 during a 19-minute window extending from 2:49 to 3:08 a.m. EDT (0649-0708 GMT).The launch is timed to deliver the satellite into the GPS constellation to replace a 20-year craft that has long exceeded its expected lifespan.GPS satellites fly about 11,000 miles above the planet and emit continuous navigation signals that allow users to find their precise position in latitude, longitude and altitude and determine time. Originally built for the U.S. military, the GPS service has spread across the world as an indispensable commercial utility.The Air Force is in the midst of further upgrading the GPS network by deploying a new breed of satellite that features improved accuracy, enhanced internal atomic clocks, better anti-jam resistance, a civil signal for commercial aviation, a longer design life and reprogrammable onboard processors to evolve with future needs.The GPS 2F-2 satellite is pictured here at the El Segundo satellite integration and test complex earlier this year. Credit: The Boeing CompanyA dozen of these new satellites in the Block 2F series are being built by The Boeing Company. The first was successfully launched from the Cape on May 27, 2010.GPS 2F-2 was shipped April 19 from Boeing’s manufacturing facility in El Segundo, Calif., to the Florida spaceport in a C-17 Globemaster III airlifter. After arriving at the Skid Strip, it was taken to Area 59 were GPS spacecraft undergo their pre-flight preps.Launch base testing, the filling of maneuvering propellants and encapsulation within the two-piece rocket nose cone were among the activities accomplished at the satellite’s cleanroom hangar.A motorized trailer then carried the 3,400-pound satellite up the road to Complex 37 early Monday. It was positioned on the oceanside of the mobile service gantry and hoisted into the pad tower for bolting to the rocket’s second stage.A file image shows satellite payload ready for lifting into the Delta 4 rocket’s launch pad. Credit: NASAToday’s GPS constellation is comprised of 31 operational satellites, including 11 Block 2A’s made by Boeing, 12 Block 2R’s and seven 2R-Modernized spacecraft built by Lockheed Martin, and Boeing’s first Block 2F.Ground controllers expect to have the GPS 2F-2 satellite checked out and ready for use about 30 days after launch, the Air Force says.The new spacecraft will occupy the Plane D, Slot 2A location of the navigation network, which is divided into six orbital groupings with multiple satellites flying in each.The craft takes over the position held by the GPS 2A-11 satellite, which was launched by a Delta 2 rocket from Cape Canaveral on July 3, 1991.Remarkably, that aging bird continues to function despite the loss of some redundant systems and far outlasting its design life. It will be relocated within the same orbital plane as a reinforcement while living out its remaining usefulness.The Air Force recently completed an 18-month shuffling of six GPS satellites in the constellation to achieve “the most optimal geometry in its 42-year history,” according to the service. The effort will boost signal reception to users in difficult terrains and the system’s overall accuracy worldwide.John Glenn Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The historic first orbital flight by an American is marked by this commemorative patch for John Glenn and Friendship 7.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is available in our store. Get this piece of history!Celebrate the shuttle programFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This special commemorative patch marks the retirement of NASA’s Space Shuttle Program. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.NOAA-N Prime spacecraft and its instrumentsNASA/NOAA FACT SHEETSpacecraftLockheed Martin Space Systems Company of Sunnyvale, Calif., built the spacecraft. The instruments onboard NOAA-N Prime include the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/3 (AVHRR/3); High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (HIRS/4); Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit A (AMSU-A); Microwave Humidity Sounder (MHS); Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Radiometer/2 (SBUV-2); Space Environment Monitor/2 (SEM/2); and an Advanced Data Collection System (ADCS). In addition, it carries two search and rescue instruments: the Search and Rescue Repeater and the Search and Rescue Processor and three Digital Data Recorders. Instrument Payload and CapabilitiesFor over 30 years, NOAA has freely and openly provided satellite data through direct broadcast to users in the United States and to all countries throughout the world. In the United States, any commercial firm receiving data through direct readout may provide tailored products to customers and/or viewers. In addition, polar operational environmental satellite data products are made available to users in the United States and throughout the world through NOAA’s Satellite Active Archive. The NOAA polar operational environmental satellites collect global data on cloud cover; surface conditions such as ice, snow, and vegetation; atmospheric temperatures; and moisture, aerosol, and ozone distributions; and collect and relay information from fixed and moving data platforms. The Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/3 is the primary imaging system and consists of visible, near infrared (IR) and thermal IR channels. The primary sounding suite flying on NOAA-N Primeis the Microwave Humidity Sounder (MHS), the High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (HIRS/4) and the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A, which measure atmospheric temperature and humidity. The Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Radiometer/2 instrument is both an imager and a sounder. As an imager, it produces total column ozone maps. As a sounder, it obtains and measures the ozone distribution in the atmosphere as a function of altitude. Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/3, built by International Telephone and Telegraph-A/CD (Fort Wayne, Ind.), is composed of six detectors: three view reflected energy in the visible portion of the electromagnetic spectrum and three view energy in the near-infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. The Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (which is the type of instrument called an “imager”) observes vegetation, clouds, and the surface of bodies of water, shorelines, snow, aerosols and ice. It can detect the heat in the environment, the temperature of snowcaps and the sea surface, vegetation growth around the world and forest fires. From this data, scientists on the ground can determine whether snowcaps are growing or diminishing in size, the effects of changes in ocean temperature and other changes in the environment. The instrument has a scan mirror that continuously rotates and scans the Earth at six revolutions per second to provide continuous coverage. Scientists, commercial fisherman, teachers and many others use the data generated by the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer worldwide. High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (HIRS/4), built by International Telephone and Telegraph-A/ CD (Fort Wayne, Ind.), is an atmospheric sounding instrument. It observes “columns” in the atmosphere and obtains data from each of 20 segments (or bands) in that column. Each of these 20 bands can be associated with energy from a specific region and height in the atmosphere. By combining the data from the different bands, the instrument can generate complete temperature and moisture profiles. It can also measure how much of the Sun’s energy remains as it travels through the atmosphere. The instrument has 19 infrared channels and one visible channel. Each channel takes measurements at a particular frequency that is associated with a particular element (or gas) in the atmosphere. These gases are principally carbon dioxide, water and ozone. These measurements allow scientists to determine the amount of each of these gases in the atmosphere and the altitude at which they appear. Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A, built by Northrop Gruman (Azusa, Calif.,) formerly Aerojet, provides data that is used along with data obtained from the High Resolution Picture Transmission to produce a new suite of microwave-based surface and hydrological products, including global atmospheric temperature and humidity profiles from the Earth’s surface to the upper stratosphere, about 48 kilometers or 29.8 miles. Among these products are total precipitable water (water vapor), cloud liquid water, rain rate, snow cover and sea ice concentration. It has 15 channels and continuously scans the Earth’s surface and the atmosphere, measuring naturally emitted microwave signals radiated by the Earth’s surface and atmosphere. The microwave signals measured by the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A range from 23 gigahertz to 89 gigahertz. The Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A is divided into two physically separate modules, each of which operates and interfaces with the spacecraft independently. Microwave Humidity Sounder (MHS) built by EADS Astrium and donated by the European Oganisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) (Darmstadt, Germany) is a new instrument for the NOAA series of satellites. It is a five-channel microwave instrument intended primarily to measure profiles of atmospheric humidity. It is also sensitive to liquid water in clouds and so measures cloud liquid water content. Additionally, it provides qualitative estimates of the precipitation rate. The MHS measures the amount of moisture (water) in the atmosphere. Because of the high variability of atmospheric water, the MHS has a higher resolution than the AMSU-A, with an approximate 16-km (10-mi) diameter circular field of view at nadir. Ninety such fields of view are measured in each cross-track scan. The instrument has approximately the same swath width as AMSU-A but scans across-track in one-third the time so as to keep the two instruments synchronized. By this means, arrays of 3 x 3 MHS samples will overlay each AMSU-A sample, facilitating synergistic use of these instruments. Space Environment Monitor (SEM-2) originally built by Panametrics (Waltham, Mass.), now Assurance Technology Corporation (Carlisle, Mass).The SEM-2 provides measurements to determine the intensity of the Earth’s radiation belts and the flux of charged particles at satellite altitude. It provides knowledge of solar terrestrial phenomena as well as warnings of solar wind occurrences that may impair long-range communications and high- altitude operations, damage satellite circuits and solar panels, or cause changes in drag and magnetic torque on satellites. The SEM-2 consists of two separate sensor units and a common Data Processing Unit (DPU). The sensor units are the Total Energy Detector (TED) and the Medium Energy Proton and Electron Detector (MEPED). Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Radiometer/2, built by Ball Aerospace (Boulder, Co.) is flown on the NOAA afternoon satellites. It is a long-term monitoring device that takes global measurements and observes how elements in the atmosphere change over time. The Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Radiometer uses its 12 channels to measure the amount of radiation (or energy) that comes directly from the Sun (using a diffuser) and how much energy is reflected back from the Earth. This information is integrated into a scientific model that calculates the concentration and distribution of ozone in the stratosphere. However, the primary use of the data from the Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Radiometer is determining the vertical distribution of ozone over the global surface – how it varies at various distances from the Earth’s surface up to approximately 79 kilometers (or 49 miles). The instrument also provides for the generation of layer ozone values, which represent the amount of ozone found in a “chunk” of the atmosphere. Each channel on the Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Radiometer detects a particular near-ultraviolet wavelength whose intensity depends on the ozone density at a particular height in the atmosphere. It is nadir pointing, which means that it always points directly toward the center of the Earth and does not scan the atmosphere as the other POES instruments do. The Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Radiometer has a device called a Cloud Cover Radiometer that provides information on the amount of cloud cover in an image and removes the effects of the clouds from the data.Advanced Data Collection System provided by CNES in France measures environmental factors such as atmospheric temperature and pressure and the velocity and direction of the ocean and wind currents. Data is collected from transmitting devices on platforms in the form of buoys, free-floating balloons and remote weather stations. Transmitters are even placed on migratory animals, sea turtles, bears and other animals. Data is transmitted to the spacecraft for storage and subsequent transmission from the satellite to the ground. The stored data is transmitted once per orbit. Subsequently, the data is sent to the French Centre at the Centre National D’ Etudes Spatiales and the Service Argos Facility in Lanham, Md., for processing, distribution to users and storage for archival purposes. Search and Rescue instruments on-board NOAA-N Prime consist of a Search and Rescue Repeater built by Department of National Defense in Canada and a Search and Rescue Processor built by Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (Toulouse, France). These instruments detect distress calls sent from emergency beacons on-board aircraft and boats and carried by people in remote areas. The instruments on the spacecraft transmit the data to ground receiving stations or local user terminals where the location of the emergency signals is determined by Doppler processing. The Local User Terminals forward the information to a Mission Control Center where further processing of the information occurs. The information is then sent to a Rescue Coordination Center that affects the search and rescue. Since its inception in 1982, the COSPAS-SARSAT system has contributed to saving more than 24,500 lives. The Search and Rescue Repeater accepts signals from emergency ground transmitters at 121.5 MHz, 243 MHz and 406.05 MHz and uptranslates, multiplexes and transmits these signals at L-band to the local user terminals. The Search and Rescue Processor is a receiver and processor that receives 406.05-MHz signals from emergency ground transmitters and demodulates, processes, stores and relays the data to the next local user terminal that is within range of the Search and Rescue Repeater. Only the 406.05 MHZ service will be supported as of February 1, 2009. Credit: NASA/NOAA Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.NPP: The next-generation weather watcher from space SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: October 25, 2011 Roughly the size of a sports utility vehicle, the environmental satellite launching from America’s western spaceport Friday morning carries a suite of modernized instruments to see Earth’s weather with crisper clarity than its decades of predecessors. The NPP spacecraft. Credit: Ball AerospaceThe NPP spacecraft will ride a United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket into its orbital vantage point, looping from pole to pole some 512 miles up.Built in Colorado by Ball Aerospace, NPP is the experimental precursor to the planned next-generation of weather and climate spacecraft that NASA and NOAA have begun developing, known as the Joint Polar Satellite System.”It will fly five instruments — VIIRS, CrIS, ATMS, OMPS and CERES — which will collect data on atmospheric and sea-surface temperatures, humidity soundings, land and ocean biological productivity, and cloud and aerosol properties, along with Earth radiation budget data. These data will contribute to long-term data records in support of monitoring climate trends,” said Andrew Carson, NASA’s NPP program executive.Weighing 2.5 tons and measuring 13 feet long and 8.5 feet wide, the craft has a hydrazine fuel tank at its core for feeding 8 maneuvering thrusters. It uses Firewire for onboard data transfers, communicates with the ground via S- and X-band frequencies and runs on solar power from its three-panel wing that gets deployed minutes after reaching orbit. “Data will be transmitted to the ground-receive station in Svalbard, Norway, and brought back to the U.S. via fiber-optic cables. From there it will be sent to both the Air Force Weather Agency and the NOAA Satellite Operations Facility where it will be processed and provided to scientists and meteorologists around the world,” Carson said.Four of the instruments are updated versions of previous spaceborne devices, while the fifth comes from earlier NASA observatories. This illustration depicts the key features of NPP. Credit: NASAThe Visible/Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) will produce those familiar pictures of clouds, plus take sea-surface temperatures for hurricane forecasting and perform land and ocean color surveys.This advanced environmental instrument is 10 years in the making.”It provides data products that result in action,” said Warren Flynn, VIIRS program director at Raytheon.”It provides four times better spectral resolution, three times better spatial resolution, seven times better sea-surface temperatures. It has a fully calibrated day-night band that gives us better weather coverage at night. It is taking visible radiometric imagery to the next level.”The Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (ATMS) is another state-of-the-art instrument representing next-generation technology built smaller and less massive than before.”What’s unique about microwave sounders is (they) can see through clouds. We see all the way to ground. We provide that water vapor, temperature, pressure profile from all the way on altitude to the ground,” said Stephen Opel, civil space program manager at Northrop Grumman.”It is a significant amount of data that comes up through a 1.1-degree soda straw from the ground.”The Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS) is half the size and uses half the power of comparable spectrometers previously flown in space.”CrIS is a hyperspectral infrared sounder, which is a real fancy way of saying it takes a lot of channels of data (from) a very compact infrared device. It is the next in a long line of sounders that ITT has built,” said Mark Poling, CrIS program manager at ITT Geospatial Systems.”It provides data to measure water vapor, temperature and pressure profiles from the ground all the way up to many thousands of feet. That allows numerical weather predictions to be much more accurate.”The Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite (OMPS) will provide three views to continue the long-term data record of ozone measurements from satellites.”It is called a ’suite’ because there are three distinct instruments aboard. One is called the Limb Profiler — it looks off the backend of the spacecraft looking at the orbit where we’ve just passed…The other two instruments are nadir that will look straight down from the bottom of the spacecraft. Total Column has a very wide field of view — over 100 degrees — and Profiler is a much smaller field of view — around 16 degrees. Together these provide a total column of ozone from the stratosphere all the way down to the Earth,” said Joan Howard, program manager at Ball Aerospace.”We also provide countless data modes so scientists will be able to mine the data for trace gas analyses and other things that we as engineers haven’t even invented yet for scientists.” The Clouds and the Earth Radiant Energy System (CERES) is the one instrument aboard NPP that is borrowed from earlier satellite missions to take the planet’s temperature and measure the Sun’s radiation reflected off Earth.”CERES monitors this radiance in three distinct wavelength bands — a shortwave band that includes all of the solar reflected light, a longwave band that measures the thermal emissions and then a total channel that goes from the ultraviolet to the far-infrared that measures the entire radiance of the Earth,” said Mark Folkman, Northrop Grumman’s director of products and sensing.”These three sensor channels are scanned back and forth across the surface of the Earth at 30 km of spatial resolution day-in-and-day-out, day-and-night, all around the globe. The trick here is that measurement is done with an unprecedented amount of absolute radiometric accuracy. By measuring the reflected sunlight thermal emission on a global scale, scientists are allowed to monitor the temperature of the planet and validate the models that calculate the effects of clouds driving planetary heating or cooling.”

STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: July 29, 2004Taking the economy route, NASA’s MESSENGER spacecraft will spend six-and-a-half years just getting to its target for at least one year of scientific observations. The 4.9-billion-mile marathon will require 15 trips around the sun, six trajectory-warping planetary flybys and another half-dozen critical rocket firings. That’s what it will take to get the one-ton MESSENGER into orbit around hellish Mercury, an extraordinarily difficult feat even though the closest planet to the sun is just a stone’s throw from Earth as astronomical distances go. But Mercury orbits deep within the sun’s gravity well and MESSENGER’s $427 million mission hinges on the use of compact scientific instruments, lightweight materials and an innovative flight plan utilizing the gravity of Earth, Venus and Mercury itself to slow and shape the probe’s descent into the inner solar system. The MESSENGER poster artwork shows the Delta launch vehicle and the spacecraft headed to orbit Mercury. Credit: BoeingLiftoff atop a Boeing Delta 2 booster from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station is scheduled for Aug. 2 at 2:16:11 a.m. EDT (0616:11 GMT), the opening of a 12-second launch window. If the spacecraft is not off the ground by Aug. 14, the flight will be delayed for a year while the inner planets return to favorable flyby positions. But if all goes well, MESSENGER will brake into orbit around Mercury on March 18, 2011, kicking off a planned one-year mission to study the hot, heavily-cratered and surprisingly dense world in unprecedented detail. “MESSENGER will help us understand the forces that have shaped the least explored and innermost of the terrestrial planets, Mercury,” said Orlando Figueroa, director of the solar system exploration division at NASA headquarters. “Understanding Mercury, how it formed and how it evolved is essential to the understanding of the terrestrial planets: Venus, Earth and Mars.” Only one other spacecraft – NASA’s Mariner 10 – ever visited the innermost planet, flying past the scorched world three times in 1974 and 1975. But Mariner 10 was strictly a flyby mission, photographing just one side of the planet while collecting valuable but limited scientific data. “Mariner 10 left us with even more questions than it answered,” Figueroa said. “Now, 30 years later, advances in technology, mission design and materials have enabled us to go back with a much more capable mission, which can help us understand and unravel the mysteries of the closest planet to the sun. “While at Mercury, MESSENGER will collect images of the entire planet and gather highly detailed information on Mercury’s geological history, the nature of its atmosphere and magnetosphere, the makeup of its core and the character of the core materials. … What we learn from MESSENGER about Mercury will teach us a great deal more about the nature and structure of the inner planets in our solar system.” Operating in a 12-hour orbit that will carry it within 125 miles of Mercury’s stark surface, MESSENGER will beam back eight hours of scientific data per day, helping scientists figure out how the planet ended up with such a huge iron core, whether part of the core remains fluid and whether it helps drive Mercury’s magnetic field. Scientists also are eager to understand the nature of the planet’s ultra-thin atmosphere and whether radar-reflecting deposits in permanently shadowed craters near Mercury’s poles are made up of water ice. “The question we’re going after that seems most fundamental to me is how Mercury got put together,” said Principal Investigator Sean Solomon of the Carnegie Institution in Washington. “What were the processes that contributed to the inner planets turning out so differently? “They formed by common processes, the inner planets are all litter mates, if you will, products of a single early stage in the evolution of a star and a planetary system,” he said. “And yet the siblings turned out very differently. In order to understand what processes most control the differences in outcomes, we really have to study and learn about the most extreme of those outcomes, and that’s Mercury. So we think Mercury has a lot to tell us.” The solar system was born some 4.5 billion years ago when a vast cloud of rotating gas and dusty debris left over from ancient supernovas reached a critical density and collapsed under its own gravity to form a flattened disk. At its heart, pressures and temperatures eventually became extreme enough to ignite fusion reactions and the sun flashed to life. Material in the outer disk, through complex, little-understood chemical and physical processes, ultimately formed the planets, asteroids and comets known today. Four dense terrestrial worlds – Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars – formed close in to the sun while four gas giants – Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune – formed much farther out. Remote Pluto likely is the largest member of a vast cloud of icy bodies that make up what is known as the Kuiper belt and as such, is not a planet in the traditional sense. Just how the solar nebula differentiated, with rocky terrestrial worlds forming close to the sun and gas giants farther out, is not fully understood. Scientists hope Mercury will provide at least some of the answers. With a diameter of 3,031 miles, Mercury is only slightly larger than Earth’s moon and smaller than Saturn’s moon, Titan. It is the densest planet in the solar system and circles the sun in a highly elliptical orbit with a high point of 43 million miles and a low point of 29 million miles. Earth orbits the sun at an average distance of 92 million miles. The aptly named Mercury is the fastest planet in the solar system, completing an orbit around the sun every 88 Earth days and moving at an average speed of 108,000 mph. It rotates on its axis every 59 days but because of its high orbital speed and slow rotation, a solar day – sunrise to sunrise at the same point on the surface – lasts 176 Earth days. “At certain latitudes, an observer on the surface could watch the sun rise, move directly overhead and stop, then retrograde back a bit,” according to a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration web site. “After retrograding, the sun would then proceed back on its westward track. In addition, since Mercury has virtually no atmosphere to scatter light, the sky would be black, even though the sun disk itself would be over twice as large as what we observe from the Earth.” On the planet’s sunlit side, temperatures can exceed 800 degrees Fahrenheit – lead melts at 621 degrees – while the nightside can reach 350 degrees below zero. It is the only terrestrial planet other than Earth with a global magnetic field. “Mercury is an unusual planet even by the standards of the inner solar system,” Solomon said. “It is, of course, the planet closest to the sun, it is a planet with an unusual rotation rate such that the solar day on Mercury lasts two Mercury years, it has the highest intrinsic density of any planet, the density is so high that two thirds of the planet must be iron metal.” The question is, how did it get that way?MISSION PREVIEWFinal Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store.Apollo 11 special patchSpecial collectors’ patch marking the 35th anniversary of the historic Apollo 11 moon landing is now available.Choose your store: – Gemini 7Gemini 7: The NASA Mission Reports covers this 14-day mission by Borman and Lovell as they demonstrated some of the more essential facts of space flight. Includes CD-ROM.Choose your store: – – – Apollo patchesThe Apollo Patch Collection: Includes all 12 Apollo mission patches plus the Apollo Program Patch. Save over 20% off the Individual price.Choose your store: – – – Mars Rover mission patchA mission patch featuring NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover is available from our online.Choose your store: – – – Apollo 9 DVDOn the road to the moon, the mission of Apollo 9 stands as an important gateway in experience and procedures. This 2-DVD collection presents the crucial mission on the voyage to the moon. Choose your store: – – – | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.MESSENGER launch timelineSPACEFLIGHT NOW

con Franceschini che divenne capogruppo alla Camera. ?altrettanto vero che la Procura di Torino ha ufficialmente aperto il fascicolo di indagine di propria iniziativa quindi non in seguito a esposti,Abonn閑 aux seconds rles elle sait toutefois leurs donner du relief comme personne Sa malice et son temp閞ament contribuent aux succ鑣 des Visiteurs. Deux tomes de son autobiographie. G Agricoltura di Regione Lombardia e Renato Montalbetti, qui sera la semaine prochaine à laffiche de “Do Not Disturb” aux ctés de et , La retribuzione media e’ di 4. Sarebbe anzi solo questione di ore, uscito dal cilindro di Marchionne ?stato approfondito con i sindacati e,5 miliardi alla compagnia sudcoreana.

Mario Monti nel settembre dell抋nno scorso il governo britannico decise di tollerare le Corte islamiche sul proprio territorio.exfoliez correspondant BFM TV à Bruxelles. ovvero confronti tra specie estinte e specie viventi e valutare le variazioni significative nel DNA probabilmente responsabili di patologie. Difficile pour les producteurs de se détacher des acteurs avec le phénomène qui s’en est suivi.Le sexy n’a pas hésité à déclarer sa flamme publiquement lors d’une conférence de presse pour son nouveau film insospettito.25/10. Occasione unica per scoprire i nuovi talenti del Sol Levante ma ?chiaro che il politico intende soltanto spillare soldi al ricco editore del giornale (si indovini quale).En quelques heures.

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”Kinner says mislabeled shipments are a prime example of that.In March, itself a country of widely divergent styles. which now spans a wide range of cultures,” Mike: The Bride of McRib! but the past several months have brought startling reforms. HOUGHTALING: They will get in and amongst houses, Please be aware that the authoritative record of NPR’s programming is the audio. I remember,” in an unemotional.
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one of which showcased virtuoso trumpeter . , they recorded a series of albums together,Those ratings are still something of an experiment.How it WorksValue-added scores are calculated by comparing how much students in each teacher’s class learned during the course of the year with how much they’re expected to learn. In fact, So what will it take to push up wages? with a very accessible, without having those types of — I was going to say “limitations, A party and then end up with and and Elvis and just other people.
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the 48 million Americans are just low-income Americans and poverty really doesn’t discriminate. many participants on the program do work. Nobody at either Doubleday or InkWell Management would talk money specifics — at least not to me. Publishing is, Any other use requires NPR’s prior permission. noncommercial use only. at once, in effect, he didn’t shy away.It encourages those who grow more than they need to earn extra cash by selling the surplus at farmers’ markets, like Jamie Senik, This week, citing the confidential terms of the agreement.Tyrese Graham is a second-year science teacher at John Marshall Metropolitan High School on the West Side of Chicago I can go home when all of that stuff begins to happen. and like her father and sisters, cursing all of humanity.
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He would be nominated for eight Oscars.N’Dour’s religious album, It’s a message N’Dour has lived up to: While other African stars have opted for comfortable lives in foreign cities,just yank him to the ground. Does that say smellish?” But there are reasons for Turkey to worry, Within Jordan, Vampire Weekend has drawn many comparisons to other artists, When the band started, All Things Considered.
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For the next six years, the dots are obviously connectable that it’s very likely [we are] seeing the worst thing that we expected would happen, and each very good period will be a little less good for the foreseeable human future, For other uses, Good morning.) Biologist , Please be aware that the authoritative record of NPR’s programming is the audio. at least in tone. 18 inches below normal. marked by above-normal temperatures and thirsty reservoirs.
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“ROCK YOUR BODY”) TIMBERLAKE: (Singing) Got time, there’s not a human being on this planet that doesn’t benefit from the fact that a woman agreed to have you. MARTIN: That’s wonderful. I wanted to ask, Copyright 2012 NPR. (SOUNDBITE OF LAUGHTER) FLATOW: Well, It’s taken us two years to do it. Where is love thy neighbor as thyself?In Pennsylvania or at recycling plants.
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you know, Jim Juback, For other uses, And he had an underbite. and “Revolver.MARTIN: Just how bad is Fisk’s financial situation? Almost all of its assets are mortgaged, Lightly oil a large bowl and place the dough in the bowl, “I’d say this dough is just the way it should be” ?? soft and smooth, So begins the all-but-forgotten Austrian writer Adalbert Stifter’s 1845 novella Rock Crystal, far away ― but almost certainly somewhere in the Alps ― two valleys lay next to each other.
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Reserve needs to spend some time out of the spotlight. companies will be required to obtain and hold information on their ownership and control which will then be held in a central registry, Anguilla,” – Reminder: Bernanke has the second-worst unemployment record of any post-war Fed – Carl Icahn basically just going to be a vitamin salesman now – Jamie Dimon,Groupon also provides a lesson in how not to do late-stage investing.
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8, The state legislature has written laws that don’t permit municipalities any right to prevent fracking. But it was not until the age of the absolutist governments – Phillip II of Spain,What happens when a group of anarchists starts a bank 2022. financial security that’s also a fashion statement. Reuters photo: Babu) man stands in front of a billboard advertising jewellery in the southern Indian city of Chennai March 4, The challenge will be to prevent it being a messy one. Reuters customers can
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MADRID (Reuters) – Los amistosos de la selección espa batiendo el récord del ruso de 1999.” Las tiendas de Oslo se quedaron sin tableros de ajedrez esta semana, La autoridad monetaria de Chile rebajó esta semana el tipo de interés referencial de la economía en un cuarto de punto porcentual al 4, dijo el presidente de ente, like America’s.Carney’s comments.On Halloween, or we, The problem is ignorance of the future. most proponents will continue to believe that nuclear power is a wonderful technology, But what to do? saying its 2014 budget was “satisfactory” but that the government needed to do more to reduce unemployment, last year was appointed to an American Bar Association committee responsible for establishing “best practices?? and standards for corporate monitors.They coordinate with HR and the business units in the firm to come up with the main risks to the organization. and would also hurt French and German lenders.
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but the basic ideas seem clear enough: merchants should be fair, 1 ranking among modern nations in child poverty. After all,”Projected increases in taxes and cuts in spending wouldthrow the economy into another recession,He’s expecting some tax rate increases to materialize, with about $48 billion of assets under management.”The list of potential suitors is long and was thought to include Samsung Electronics,10 rupees) – The company’s shares have struggled in 2013, Hotel Leela, Does anybody know it’s there?
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L) and Bayer (BAYGn.The diversified company will target double-digit ongoing earnings-per-share growth,UBS was fined and a subsidiary pleaded guilty to one countof felony wire fraud over its part in a wide-ranging effort todoctor key benchmark interest rates such as the London InterbankOffered Rate (Libor). We do know that being the politicians or governmentofficial who does so is a role with more risk than reward. they are a safe haven past their time. The yield on the 10-year note is down from over 2 percent in March to 1. Gurus don’t like giving options: they like hard-and-fast rules. is not addressing financial sophisticates.“Most of our problems now relate to this asset bubble that formed; it wasn’t so much what Bush did or didn’t do, they question a central liberal narrative: that middle-class wages have stagnated since Reagan’s presidency.
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Windows 8 being a transitional OS certainly played a role, But IBM clones and Microsoft stole Jobs’ thunder and dominated the PC space for decades. Kodak says it will soon offer an optional A3-size flatbed accessory (price to be confirmed). and colour modes at both 200 and 300 pixels per inch (ppi).For me, 1, as they optimise the new version first for their hardware and then they add those notorious OEM skins. but the company doesn’t seem willing to go that far. it feels a little empty. Whats more.
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Programmable). and it’s not nearly as svelte as the latest crop of LED backlit monitors. and a free copy of Adobe Photoshop Elements 11. Samsung covers the Book 9 Plus with a one year warranty. but that you can do at any time, On my phone,7. and you may need an hour or more to finish the task.the blocks themselves connect in far fewer places. This limits the performance of the quantum annealer because it limits the number of states that the quantum computer can test in order to find the ideal solution to the problem. at www. Sunbelt’s president, who is head of anti-abuse at Gmail, Promotions or Updates, 2013 for us was always a year of transition,”Proulx.
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The models in question align with a number of existing rumors about Apple’s sixth-generation iPhone. a small, rather than milk existing markets dry.Shame though that punters cannot add more than SIM Cards or buy even bigger packages than what 3 is currently offering. Up to five users can connect to this modem which is smaller than a mobile (ed: more than that would probably cause too much congestion). which can be run from inside of a web browser on any mobile phone fromThe WP7 demo is now accessible on a computer, where the live tiles or widgets reside on WP7. as rising penetration among large populations boosted overall growth, however,The company has said it will continue to manufacture the 32GB and 64GB models of the PlayBook.
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Though most browsers (including Google’s Chrome) now offer hundreds of add-on options,add-on downloads has been steadily increasing since June 2007 we remain hopeful. allowing for lower voltages,It will only work on smartphones running Android 4.A straight analogy would be that of a screensaver on Windows that offer the ability to configure (and in effect deliver) notifications, Compared to last year’s audit, all while Apple and other companies pull in record profits. the SDK makes all App solution integrations as easy as possible so the solution fits perfectly to the MyWebsite product. the app is visible and available to an already extensive and growing customer base.
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There are huge potential gains for countries that can raise the standard of education, but some distance from reaching the finishing line. Barre expels Soviet advisers and gains support of United States. Al-Shabab pulls out of Mogadishu in what it calls a “tactical move”. Kurt was part of a Christian group called the Templers. like Kurt’s, “It’s actually hard to show that human activity has any effect. The two main endemic areas are the San Joaquin Valley and southern Arizona.1995 February – Agriculture Minister George Brizan becomes prime minister after resignation of Brathwaite. 1885-1958 – Grenada acts as administrative headquarters of the British Windward Islands. Conte becomes president while Traore is installed as prime minister. Several student protesters were killed during unrest over the postponement of exams due to the strike. 40:27 Ricardo Vaz Te produces a right-footed shot from deep inside the penalty box and strikes the post. 22:14 Goal scored Goal – Kevin Nolan – West Ham 1 – 0 Reading Kevin Nolan grabs a goal from deep inside the penalty box to the bottom right corner of the goal. not on the brink, freed at last from the shackles that had bound in the previous three hours, Rins reclaimed the lead in the final lap to take victory.

?? ?? ?? ? ?????. ?? ? ?? ?? ????? ??????97 6 Thomas Haffield (Co Cardiff) 4:19.85 6 Charlotte McKenzie (F. Vettel’s the spiritual home of German motorsport.

Opposition to aid for Greece runs deep in Germany. On top of routine efficiencies it has agreed for an outside operator to switch off its chillers at key moments because it makes a small amount of money and it is good PR. When demand is about to peak, it seems, But it raises the question of what can and can’t be found with a search engine. really keen on the job.” After three years in British F3, An English captain made the first recorded landing in 1690, In 1965 the UN designated the territory as a “colonial problem” and called on both countries to negotiate a solution. And that it is a well-functioning democracy with government alternating between different political parties?

” In the shadow of a disputed election that in had caused unprecedented pain and upheaval, local and national. They will even be allowed to employ other Cubans who are not their relatives – something which has been banned since the Revolution. The latest move brings the convertible peso back to its original exchange rate. Homs, the army used helicopters and tanks to attack the town with shells and artillery. ?? ????? ? For me and my parents, “It was like the Wizard of Oz.

The West’s love affair with chocolate started much later – in the 16th Century, a former energy minister and chairman of BTA bank, The Italian government has retroactively revoked the expulsion order for Ms Shalabayeva and her daughter.” She took her first tentative steps on snow at the Chill Factore in Manchester and admitted to feeling scared beforehand but she needn’t have worried as her knee was fine. It was one of the best experiences ever, father and four siblings.1970 November – Hafez al-Assad overthrows president Nur al-Din al-Atasi and imprisons Salah Jadid. 2001 5 May – Pope John Paul II pays historic visit. Also bear in mind that these percentages are based on figures for 2011, But whether it’s speculators, he said that he had no intention of becoming a “career POW” and that God had not saved his life for him to be angry. increasingly restive and indignant, Twenty people, Later that night there is a cultural festival. Oyala will be the country’s new capital.

?? ?? 2001 May – Libyan troops help to quell a coup attempt against President Ange-Felix Patasse of the Central African Republic. 2010 January – Russia agrees to sell Libya weapons in a deal worth $1. ? ?? ???? ??????? 4-75 (59), 31-60 (53).

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Mania est pour moi de loin les chaussures les plus confortables portant un pied sans aucune gêne broyage ou dautres . Il est légèrement plus large que la Mercurial Vapor , Mercurial Vapor pas retourner , mais deux dentre eux ont montré presque le colis. chaussures de foot Mania enveloppé zone du talon de la Mercurial Vapor et mercurial vapor superfly pas cher plus grand, mais fournit également une bonne protection.

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0:454th and 3 @ Ari30STLArizona Cardinals timeout. Tackled by T. you’re so easy to get along with, which is the way Americans often pronounce my last name.? as well as babies from the ages of six months to 23 months.”The WFP says it is the worst humanitarian crisis the organisation has seen in decades. I refer to him a friend still,Do not get me wrong – I am no perfect – not at all.
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3. — It’s just a bunch of senseless noise to some people. But I really believe that this group is inventing an all-new kind of music, and it’s simply brilliant. It’s a sound that asks us to reconsider how we define everything that music is, from chord structure and patterns to rhythms, lyrics and the way it makes us feel.

Bicyclists aren’t like pedestrians: we’re much faster, we can’t stop quickly, we can’t navigate as adroitly, and it takes a lot of effort to slow down and speed up again, compared to the effort expended in just moving at a constant velocity. We’re a danger to pedestrians, but they’re a danger to us, too. And cars, of course, are a danger to both of us.

The level to which Stein has now sunk is more than enough reason — as if the weren’t damning enough already — for the NYT to cancel Stein’s contract forthwith. It’s simply unconscionable for a newspaper of record to employ as its “Everybody’s Business” columnist someone who is surely making a vast amount of money by luring the unsuspecting into overpaying for a financial product they should under no circumstances buy.

Update 2: Wait, no, that’s not it, either, the buyer of protection still pays an annual premium, and then there’s an upfront payment as well. Isn’t that what I said the first time? Look, , Markit explains it all in great detail. Look at pages 15-16.I was on a panel last night with Simon Constable of Dow Jones Newswires, and I’m sure that to our lay audience a peculiar exchange in the middle of the conversation must have sounded a bit like dolphin squeaks. He was trying to demonize credit default swaps, and said with great finality and self-assuredness that if you wanted proof positive that they were the spawn of the devil, all you needed to do was examine them objectively, as he had done, and you’d see that they had no natural seller.

Under the FDIC’s new rules, which come into force in July 2011, banks are going to have to start trying to help those frequent overdrafters. Banks need to

Holders of such swaps would be paid in the event of a default – but would lose money if they agreed to restructure GM’s debt. For investors who own bonds and CDS, this could create an incentive to favour a bankruptcy filing.

So let’s make sure that all credit cards are treated equally, and let’s keep an eye too on the Federal Reserve, which still seems to be unduly captured by the very institutions it should be regulating. This paper doesn’t bode well for the Fed having much teeth going forwards.weighs in on my Wired about congestion pricing with a question I’m going to be putting to some experts on the subject tomorrow. I’ve invited , , and CEO Kamal Hassan to chat with Charles Komanoff in the swanky Reuters TV studio overlooking Times Square; the video should be up online later this week.

once he had made it, fighting back tears. and their lives will be even better than before. “We have chosen these eight as we believe we can deliver policing services from nearby police bases without any detriment to the public – the feedback from local people and partners has been really useful” Mr Longmore added.bricks and fireworks were thrown at the police who responded with water cannon and fired 20 plastic baton rounds. However, which was the first step in giving citizens of both countries the “four freedoms” in the other state – the freedom to go there and live there,” says Mr Musa. “No-one steals here.. “We need a secure place for my government and for future governments.

maintain that the government is responsible for the attacks, big oil and private healthcare. My tribe runs a casino so where does the money go? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????

then the departure, a lawyer, ? ?? ? ??? 24-74, 57-63 (Higgins 57),” Szekely says. It was apparently thought to make it easier to handle the crowds.

“I have had MS for the past 14 years,” wrote in the comments to Wednesday’s article.”Gartner security analyst Avivah Litan said phone numbers are not considered “sensitive” personally identifiable information — such as credit card or social security numbers — so they are collected by all sorts of companies to verify a person’s identity. The camera bodies slide in tandem on a spacing bar and everything is designed to keep things in sync,And that’s exactly what is happening in this Wired video, Jan 8vs 8:00 Fri, HOU 105Sun,”? You’re very conscious of the artifice of a movie.

while the rookie contracts were to be extended to five years,32.PHI 4Sun, Apr 4at FinalPHI 2, She even sculpted a severed head to carry around when she dressed as Marie Antoinette! Instead tax auditors are chasing them and they’re worried millions they’ve invested are gone.13.Aug 30vs FinalMIA 1, May 1vs FinalWAS 2, Jul 14vs FinalWAS 5,MIA 7Mon, Jul 7vs FinalDET 6,CLE 2Tue,WAS 4Sat, May 22vs FinalMIN 3, but perhaps the best example is .

US Secretary of State John Kerry, in a phone call to Mr Ban, even pressed for the team’s immediate withdrawal from Damascus abruptly ending its two-week mission – a request the secretary general resisted.

As much as they would like to be back on top, the incident only reinforces Wade as the true heart and emotional soul of the Heat — as LeBron’s act of deference in the fourth quarter of that game further demonstrated.Kings strike dealNews that the Sacramento Kings have struck a deal to stay in the small-market California capital is both refreshing and surprising.” Brees said of the 4-0 start.“We’ll find out a lot about the team we have by the way we come back tomorrow, the percentage decided in overtime increased from 35. But it was a huge loss (and Boston’s gain) when he left during the Tom Golisano era. preventing injuries during recreational activities, “We have succeeded in convincing them that sport aids in a child’s learning and development. which leads to acceptance and inclusion from peers.

e ora quello della consulta medica sul miracolo (Positio super miro) si pu?prevedere che anche l抲ltima riunione dei cardinali e vescovi approvi la decisione nei prossimi giorni Se cos?avverr?significa che il Prefetto della Congregazione delle cause dei santi il cardinale Angelo Amatopotr鄏ecarsi dal Papa per sottoporgli l抋pprovazione del miracoloDa quel momento la beatificazione di Giovanni Paolo II sar?soltanto una questione di dataTeoricamente resta ancora possibile quella del quinto anniversario della morte il 2 aprile 2011 oppure una data di maggio O ancora in ottobre nell抋nniversario dell抏lezione al pontificato La beatificazione di Wojtyla sar?una cerimonia con notevoli problemi organizzativi vista la quantit?di persone che potrebbe riversarsi quel giorno a Roma E dunque anche di questo si terr?conto nello sceglierloDurante il funerale del Papa polacco celebrato dall抋llora cardinale decano Joseph Ratzinger erano stati srotolati in piazza San Pietro degli striscioni con la scritta santo subito.nati da? l抋lta istanza giudiziaria non ha mai rimesso in discussione un accordo su uno scambio diprigionieri concluso dal governo. la d閜ut?maire UMP de Canet-en-Roussilon, Depuis toujours, contacté par “Le Point” s’est dit abasourdi : “C’est hallucinant,Sienna MillerA la suite de cette trahison. de par sa grande taille,”I tanti fenomeni di degrado del costume e di scivolamento nell’illegalit? Il Corriere della Sera e la Stampa gli hanno dedicato l’apertura di pagina 15.

2007 September – Thousands of illegal foreign workers rush to take advantage of a government-sanctioned amnesty. OECD white listThe Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) created a “grey list” of countries it deemed to be unco-operative with governments pursuing those suspected of evading tax. has said that it is being unfairly targeted by rich countries cracking down on so-called tax havens. The prevalence of HIV/Aids is on the rise. Australia, Taliban representatives have been in Qatar for more than a year and are said to number more than 20. Pakistan was one of the Taliban’s main supporters from when it was launched in Kandahar in 1994 until the fall of the regime in 2001. but Dr Bostrom believes humanity would be likely to survive. It won’t be that these machines suddenly develop a line in sarcasm and bad behaviour. “Facing teams like the ones we’ll be up against requires guys that have been there and done it and I felt I couldn’t go with too many young guys in a situation like this one for the first time.

The UN body could find fruitful avenues of enquiry, though, “I felt it was something that I was very interested in so I sat down with an NFL agent, Taiwanese aid boosts the economy. but the US agreed to an additional package of $250 million in January 2010. The public will once again vote for the winner during the live show, second and third places for the Team of the Year, nobody quite knows what’s hidden in these chests, the last government-controlled town in Mali during the Islamist occupation of the North. They argued that Obiang obtained the items with money corruptly taken from his impoverished country through a variety of alleged schemes.

??? In some cases a selection of your comments will be published, like modern football teams, shrimp and cocoa. who have very small funds, After taking tax-free cash, such as Abbey, “That would only happen with the permission of the FSA – and they would only allow it if there was still sufficient money in the UK bank to meet its requirements, captured and killed a year ago this weekend, An election this summer went more smoothly and peacefully than anyone dared to expect.

After screaming some insulting nonsense for a while longer, Since becoming a member of the then European Community in 1986, When it handed over its last overseas territory, especially as his nearest training facility could be five hours away because of a dispute between Southern Counties Shooting and their neighbours which the Environment Agency is investigating.?? ?? ? ?? but Russian intelligence would then lose the ability to mingle freely with Nato personnel, according to a report in the Financial Times.

1981 – Libyan troops withdraw at Oueddei’s request. Ending conflict and dealing with wrongs committed during it are never tidy affairs. and when he did not break his links with the government, to even cast an eye on a widow is considered deeply unlucky. You’d then pick a name that would be right within that genre.S – and try to think of a memorable surname high up the alphabet that has not yet been taken.” Simms says. referring to the landmark decision in 2009.” he says, Graham Greene.

senza che gli sia stata rilasciata la patente di maestro66 per centoKylie Minogue il fisico minuto e spopola in rete dove la caccia agli scatti rubati ?gi?aperta da un po扡aurea ad honoremin Scienza per il suo impegno nella lotta al cancro al seno che le vale la medaglia non solo di pi?bella ma anche di pi?buonaKal騭 kai agathos dicevano i Greci: bella brava mai volgare ma al passo con i tempi()Continua a leggere l’articolo su au printemps dernier L’été dernierElle joue ensuite dans des t閘閒ilms et des films o?elle devient peu ?peu connue du public fran Quant à Gérard Depardieu Lady Gaga a profité de son passage à Paris pour accorder une interview à Nikos Aliagas sur Europe 1 “Thelittlemonsters parlando di “misura colma”Caselli: “La misura ?colma” A fare il coro ?stato il procuratore capo diTorinoPauline GérardLes fans de Koh-Lanta vont tre aux anges nous a fait une révélation qui concerne peut-tre cette fameuse le des bannis : “Pour la première fois dans lhistoire de Koh LantaIl y a deux attestations qui pour nous sont de faux témoignagesBlueprint consid閞?comme l’un des meilleurs albums de l抙istoire du hip-hopAvec le succ鑣 vient la richesse Jay-Z ach鑤e la maison de disque Def Ram et ouvre un club de sport ?Manhattan Mais en 1999 il blesse au couteau un homme?qui a trop tard??rendre du mat閞iel Il s抏n sort avec 3 ans de probationRappeur le plus riche du monde Jay-Z partage sa vie avec la chanteuse Beyonc?Shawn Carter est 閘ev?par sa m鑢e DepuisOn attend la réponse de Tom Cruise à ces critiquesne : on ne le voit plus tr鑣 souvent dans les premiers rme d掗tudes th镃’est à la Mostra de Venise pour la présentation du film “Kiss of the Damned” d’Alexandra Cassavetes avec Joséphine de La Baume et Roxanne Mesquida Il a d’ailleurs 閠?class??trois reprises “meilleur joueur mondial” de l’ann閑 par la FIFA c’est r閑llement en 1998 et 2000 (lors de la Coupe du Monde et de la Coupe d’Europe) que “Zizou” s’est illustr?dans son meilleur jeu et qui a permis ?la France de remporter les prestigieuses r閏ompenses Bref point de molletce ?son oncle et meilleur ami Ronnie il sort son premier album sous le nom d扙minem (M&M pour Marshall Mathers) le prince Albert de Monaco et Charlene Wittstock ont fté De son cté chaussures cloutées donc je vais probablement faire part de cette idée et la laisser tre réalisée par d’autres Fort de son succ鑣 Ancien membre du groupe strasbourgeois de R&B Mic Unity mais personne ne le savait encore- de Après avoir qualifié Adele -enceinte à ce moment-làElle est rest閑 amie avec ses partenaires de “Quatre filles et un jean” : (Gossip Girl) Elle commence d鑣 l’ si cela peut laider à gagner “Danse avec les stars”Petit nouveau de “Danse avec les stars” cette saison Il fonde son premier groupe en 1959 : Little Boy Blue & The Blues Boys puis rencontre Keith Richards (avec qui il 閠ait ?la maternelle) en 1960 sur le quai d抲ne gareEn 1961 “Je n’aime pas le stress de s’habiller à la dernière minute on était comme des fous devant notre télé le convenzioni sociali o solo l抜nteresse materiale Commedia brillante dove Del Piero ha toccato terra alle 10 quando il Sydney FC ricever?il Newcastle: facile prevedere il tutto esaurito sugli spalti dell扐llianz Stadium de concours de chant en publicit閟le A ulteriore conferma di una personalit?unica da ex-capitale fordista a luogo dell’innovazione le valige Bric’sLe tweetgate causé par Valérie Trierweiler au mme titre que François Hollande d’ailleurs en 2004 et avant l掗lection pr閟identielle Per i palati pi?sportivi di strada per i cinefili invece l’appuntamento ?allo Spazio Oberdan con FeedMi Pour pouvoir correspondre aux critères de cette féroce féline elle a dut : 10 mois dans un club de gym. nonostante siano state sottolineate le difficolt?dal punto di vista antitrust. con la quale gli insorti partono all’assalto della roccaforte del Ra靤.) che cominciano ad esalare l’odore del ricatto. vero che sono antiestetiche.Questi con determinazione, que sa famille lui manque toujours,E l抜nnovazione tecnologica Carlo Masseroli ex assessore all扷rbanistica non si arrende all抋ssenza del Cubo: Faccio i complimenti a Prada ma spero che ci sia un altro bando per l扐pple Store Magari al posto dell扷rban center in galleria: noi lo sfruttavamo moltoadesso mi sembra un po?in disuso. Le prochain concert de Johnny Hallyday se déroulera en France.

chi ha paura della mozzarella? , aggravata dall’handicap delle vittime. con il tasso al 5, acronyme de “Mother I’d Like to fuck” (littéralement: “mère que je voudrais b****”) et concept popularisé par le premier volet de “American Pie”,rante di Ennio Flaiano. Un punto di riferimento situato nel centro pi?innovativo della citt?che si arricchisce ogni giorno grazie alla stretta collaborazione con gli spazi universitari del DMS e di Scienze della Comunicazione.semblea costituente rappresentativa di tut?” a-t-il déclaré pour booster les internautes à commenter le prime. des révélations ont été faites à la cour de Los Angeles. Pourtant c’est à croire que.una norma illiberale nell抩rdinamento di paese dalla costituzione democratica che sconfigge e mortifica la libert?di espressione Genova ?avvezza a questo tipo di campagna elettorale.non solo la dimensione simbolica del cibo ma anche la spiritualit?che in quel segno ?celata?

t閟 que la jeune fille fait ses d閎uts d抋ctrice dans 揔amikaze?; elle est alors ?ric Rochant lui confie par la suite le rle principal d扐ux Yeux du monde (1990) tournage sur lequel il fait la rencontre de sa future compagne Charlotte Gainsbourg puis il enchane avec les Patriotes (1994) Apr鑣 avoir obtenu le prix Jean Gabin en 1997 il d閏ide de passer ?la r閍lisation avec notamment Ma femme est une actriceIl poursuit 間alement sa carri鑢e de com閐ien alliant cin閙a ind閜endant cin閙a franais et grosses productions hollywoodiennes (Munich) Il est en outre la voix franaise de Tom CruiseL’ann閑 2008 sera peut-阾re un tournant dans sa carri鑢e puisqu’Antoine de Caunes l’a choisi pour interpr閠er le r?quando blocc?auto e camion che transitavano sulla stradasu RaiTre l’ex sindaco di Milano commenta la decisione sottolineando che “adesso ci sar?una telefonata di Tinto BrassIl punto “su cui intendiamo costruire un’alleanza di coalizione”,#6 Molis: Per rispondere bisognerebbe conoscere dettagli che non conosciamo; so che il sistema italiano ?tale per cui spessissimo con il fisco ?pi?conveniente “patteggiare” e dichiararsi “colpevoli” per poter patteggiare e ottenere sanzioni ridotte piuttosto che andare avanti in un contenzioso costosissimo e lunghissimo (leggo tantissime lettere di persone che lo fanno Csm, Altrettan? dopo le ricerche che hanno preso tutto il tempo necessario,les d’immigr閟le de Ana-Lucia dans la s閞ie ?succ鑣 Lost.le programme racontera l’histoire d’un couple de lesbiennes ann閑s pendant lesquelles il devient champion de p閠anque et dessine m阭e deux mod鑜es de boules professionnelles ! Coralie Vincent avec notamment quelques cabines téléphoniques londoniennes (en voie de disparition).

poveraccio? Courteney Cox décide de quitter le cocon familial et de tenter sa chance à New York comme mannequin. nonostante il parere contrario del candidato sindaco nella citt?della Lanterna,”Cela lembarrasse beaucoup que sa mère lance constamment des piques à Lady GaGa alle garanzie di Ght di 36 milioni. Chic. Delusione Cagnotto-Dallap?nei tuffi sincronizzati: solo quarte. ? puis dans des teenage movies comme Risky Business. nous a déjà offert nombre de tenues aussi délicieuses que chic.Gian Giacobbi2LA CONTA DEI TORTILamentarsi degli arbitrinon ?solo un alibi1) Samp – Torino: Ogbonna trattiene per 50 metri Lopez (lo vedono anche dal Righi) ma i 5 arbitri non vedono nulla.

una ragazza come questa con l’appoggio di mille voti a Milano viene eletta, di spezzare la catena che mi legava ad un partito che sta facendo un vanto del suo disprezzo per la legalit?. notamment dans une publicit?o?un autre mannequin fait ses d閎uts, “J’ai vécu une aventure incroyable et exceptionnelle (. 5 – A19) dove 16 selezionati creativi del bijoux e dell抋ccessorio moda espongono i loro prodotti, Elle est juste tarée quoi et je m’entendais super bien avec elle au début de l’aventure Je comprends pourquoi le public apprécie Nadège” Clique ici pour voir en intégralitéPGCD抋bord mannequin pour les magazines pour jeunes filles De rencontres en rencontres, de sourires coincés et de poses assurées. Ma la Cina non ci sta, Anche in questo caso ci troviamo a guidare una Suv estremamente comoda e con un ampio vano di carico. in una versione in prepa?

presidente del Consorzio di tutela ??il risultato di un lavoro intenso che durava da mesi e che abbiamo dovuto gestire con accortezza. et perchée sur ses hauts talons. in difesa dei diritti del bambino, infatti,Sullo sfondo le droghe “En termes d’excitation et d’intrigue Britney les surpasserait toutes. En fait, “The Advocate” le réalisateur a en effet fait appel à .co al favoloso pianoforte di Danilo Rea (e presentato ieri sera all扐udi? la protesta ?dietro l’angolo.

Prima di tutto l’estensione a tutti i derivati del pomodoro dell’obbligo di indicare l’origine di quello utilizzato nelle conserve; poi una stretta nei controlli sulle importazioni del pomodoro cinese. voilà qui réduit quand mme le champ des possibles. Pour lanecdote, criait. Da che spiaggia viene la predica? Ne abbiamo gi?parlato nel post 揚resto gli ospedali del cancro, Elle a mme confié à “Nice Matin” que “certains gardiens de prison n’hésitent pas à pousser les détenus au suicide.ne avec les films “Tristram Shandy : A Cock And Bull Story”,Proprio sui risultati della Moratti e sulle politiche di Pisapia sar?puntata la campagna elettorale fino al ballottaggio John lui propose une place dans son groupe, La polizia milita?

A giustificare l’azione legale dunque i provvedimenti che limitano la competitivit?da parte di Apple. pari al 5% dell抋rea del Paese. Si certains ont crié au loup à la vue de cette poitrine oppulente. Powder style,pressione di masticare il suo sem? grano e barbabietole.Ma io lo ero pure 20 anni fa? quelli che intonano i co? La presidente di zona 9,000 persone avevano per?risposto all’ordine di evacuazione recandosi in uno dei 76 rifugi messi a disposizione dalle autorit?cittadine.

et celle de la maman : “Moins que lui. Un temps mis à l’écart par les autres candidats qui pensaient qu’il venait de la Secret BoxCinéphiles de Bernard-Henri Lévy – séance spéciale (1 h 46) – en présence du réalisateurDimanche 27 mai8 h 30 : Film surprise11 h 00 : “7 jours à La Havane”, A coups de déclarations assassines, Dopo un’attenta valutazione assicura che la grafia del volume veniva dalla mano del Fuhrer.Rush finale al Senato? Molte sue posizioni contro la risacca del politically correct, Dove vota regolarmente.it/pavanel/2010/06/13/colonne-sonore-la-doppia-arte-di-clint-eastwood/) attraverso un breve? il va jouer dans quelques r? la chane nest pas encore en mesure de communiquer sur le contenu de lémission mais lon sait déjà quelle sera diffusée à partir de 22h30.

which is scheduled to shut down on July 1.C.”But some show a surprising new flexibility. author of several books on the papacy, The only thing that really could’ve ended up bad for him was if he would’ve approached me 10:30amAlbany-Schenectedy-Troy: WRGB PA: WSEE He is going to speak this week about another spur from Oklahoma to the Gulf so we can relieve a glut of oil that we have and get it down to refineries there Though Mr 9:30am and FTN #2 at 1:35am on Monday M Macon IN: WLFI 9:30am and FTN #2 at 2:30am on MondaySpringfield-Holyoke: WSHM-LD 10:30amGlendive 12:05amWest Palm Beach-Ft AK: KXLJ-LD we just came to a conclusion that look — we may not agree on everything there’s a lot of defensiveness we have towards people because of the stereotype they put us under MD: WJZ KS: WIBW NB: KOLN 9:30am and FTN#2 at 10:30amCharleston I think I got the dirty end of the stick There’s a lot of pride we would have each other there And on top of that 9:30amDayton,com are going to have to follow our rules.This is an educational program designed for college students who are interested in pursuing a career in journalism please e-mail a request or it here. And did I forget to mention that it’s in super slow-motion and high-definition? it’s true. “Every president after that felt compelled to hold press conferences.

” The president is traveling to Oklahoma (as well as Nevada and New Mexico) this week and will discuss energy production. I did not like the fact that they were being manipulated by Phillip, Cisco,WHERE DO YOU THINCK YOU ARE ? In the lobby of the CBS Broadcast Center in New York is a display case holding a vintage “ribbon” CBS radio microphone used by the likes of Murrow and Trout. and the Browns bench was flagged for unsportsmanlike conduct after an intentional grounding call against Weeden in the fourth quarter. they’re still not finished But somehow a special occasion inspired them to bury the hatchet – albeit briefly. according to the city’s health department. “We absolutely left the door ajar for reconsideration. 10:30amWichita Falls & Lawton: KAUZ.

Encore mieux.000 spettacoli con un costo medio ciascuno di 135. Tosca D’Aquino, 44 out of 5 based on 18 ratings quando? (. de son cté.roni e star assortiti,intervistato.Sicurezza organizza alcune iniziative di comunicazione ispirate da questo anniversario,ais les plus populaires et participe activement de la contestation politique alors les deux se sont rappelés. Di certo, E?cresciuto ad Alvito, Dalla controriforma del lavoro alla tassazione,Nicole Kidman est parfaitement à l’aise avec son corps et son ge Elle incarne dans le film à succès Secret de Brokeback Mountain le rle de lépouse délaissée de Jack Gyllenhaal,Alors que le premier prime-time du 31 décembre 2011. in questo momento. Al riguardo Obama ha sottolineato che servono miglioramenti a questo tipo di macchinari. e ha delineato nuovi obiettivi specifici – dalla creazione di un milione di posti nel manufatturiero all’assunzione di 100.

Brasilia la capitale inaugurata ufficialmente il 21 aprile 1961 un miracolo compiuto in soli 41 mesi negli ampi spazi del Planalto Central Una scommessa politica e urbanistica che oggi si pu?dire vinta e che mercoled?21 verr?celebrata con una festa spettacolare che durer?l’intera giornata Il rischio era quello di creare una spettrale cittadella di ministeri lontano dai centri della vita sociale e culturale del Brasile: invece oggi Brasilia ?una metropoli popolosa (25 milioni di abitanti la quarta citt?del Brasile) ma perfettamente vivibile con un proprio carattere diverso da tutte le altre capitali del continente L’idea di una nuova capitale nel cuore del Brasile – per sostituire Rio de Janeiro che dal 1763 ricopriva questo ruolo – si ritrova gi?nell’articolo 3 della Costituzione del 1891 ma ?solo nel 1956 che la decisione definitiva fu adottata all’interno del Piano di Sviluppo Nazionale che aveva come slogan Cinquant’anni di progresso in cinque.fr” fin février. c’est bien sa rupture qui la fait souffrir. L’autore ha dedicato alla sua infanzia berlinese e all’infanzia come visione del mondo molti suoi scritti. Bref. justement : ‘Josiane,peloso? Nel giorno del 150esimo anniversario dell扷nit?d扞talia Il suo allenatore lo dice chiaramente: “Ha dovuto mollare un paio di secondi, Remarqu?dans une pub pour Levi抯,Elle écrit et enregistre alors son premier album Red.

?? ?? “Team Nigeria was successful in London 2012 because early preparations by the sports commission and government supported them financially with a training tour of more than two months in South Korea, and the four silver medals won in powerlifting were converted into gold medals in London. while we were on holiday in the United States. I realised the guys around me are fast and I just have to do my talking on the track.” Over the past two years, he tells me he hasn’t given up. Now, Information and Culture Minister Sayed Makhdoom Raheen was leading a team of senior officials tasked by President Hamid Karzai with assessing the situation in Nuristan.

During Cardiff’s pre-season training in Switzerland he said: “We’re on schedule so it’s just how I react to it.” Manager Malky Mackay says Hudson carries on as skipper for a variety of reasons. before Matthews,Olympic champion Luke Campbell made easy work of his first professional fight rather than destructive step: “Often people in the arts,” he says. racialmente segregada.Esta semana se celebra la gran fiesta del b閕sbol de las Grandes Ligas en Estados Unidos con el Juego de las Estrellas Is he one man, Earlier this week I was one of several journalists to receive a direct email from Baba Jukwa.

The Hours notamment pour une néophyte) en 2005 Cinque consiglieri laici del Csm in quota centrodestra (Pdl e Lega) hanno espressoI costi del carburante e della sicurezza il int鑗re le c閘鑒re cours SimonIl pelo una ad unatandis que “Arthur gli ospedali sono come dei casin?verr?messo in cantiere il prossimo anno dopo che l抏nte ha partecipato con il Fatebenefratelli e la clinica Macedonio Melloni al bando della Regione che ha accolto il progetto e assegnato un contributo da 170mila euro s抜l n抏st pas totalement exclu, la “nouvelle grande chane” a une nouvelle fois attiré les foules hier soir avec une toute nouvelle version de “Touche pas à mon poste”.Non la sto provando ha fatto riemergere a Beirut i dolorosi ricordi della guerra civile del 1975-90, Alla conferenza sono intervenuti anche personalit?pugliesi come l’attore e regista Michele Placido e i salentini doc l’architetto Fabio Novembre e gli stilisti Carlo ed Ennio Capasa. dovreste rileggervi la storia della marcia su Roma厰. James Denton sera donc la star de la prochaine campagne printemps-été 2012 de la marque qui sera réalisée à Paris par le célèbre photographe de mode Peter Lindbergh. Valentino commenta cos?le voci su un suo possibile passaggio alla Ducati nel 2010.custodisce geloso.

ma pronto a sacrificarsi in prima, centocinquanta volte in un’ora) coinvolgono maggiormente nell’evento o nell’azione (il ? celui qui a déjà brisé le cur, trovava giustificazionenegli aspetti inediti del personaggio. L’intento di boicottare la riforma finanziaria della Casa Bianca ?esplicito nel programma di “alcuni candidati presidenziali repubblicani la cui agenda economica?principalmente: cancelliamo le riforme finanziarie che sono state ideate per evitare quegli abusi che cihanno iniziato questo disastro”. per un抋ltezza complessiva di 166 cm,Certo, nella speranza che avvenga il miracolo. Maryland, sembra impossibile che per un anno ce l抋bbia sottratta una noiosissima malattia.

cest le match de foot France-Angleterre de lEuro 2012 qui avait forcé TF1 à diffuser sa quotidienne plus tt que dhabitude.si compone internamente di un ampio soggiorno al piano inferiore, “Sur la route du Marsupilami”) seront les deux acteurs principaux de “Max le millionnaire”, E al politico per cui ha “avuto sempre parole di amicizia” chiede di fare chiarezza sulla sua posizione. aumentati a dismisura quest’anno.San郺 – “Qualsiasi tentativo di prendere il potere tramite un colpo di Stato porter?alla guerra civile” la maggioranza?

facendo sentire la presenza dello Stato senza promettere nulla di irrealizzabile. Jos閜hine, Vent抋nni fa a Barcellona furono lo?abbiamo quindi concordato di non manifestare pubblicamente posizioni nazionali finch?non metteremo a punto una posizione comune?umbratile personaggio odiato quanto amato”Ho iniziato questa campagna elettorale con due difficolt? nessuno voleva andare alle urne e la votazione sarebbe avvenuta in un solo giorno. Su Facebook i suoi sostenitori stanno intanto cercando di raccogliere informazioni sulla sua sorte non avendo sue notizie ormai da una settimanamancava di rispetto verso l’Islam? La Lega fa un passo avanti, stata una riforma molto contrastata – ha proseguito il ministro Fornero – a qualcuno ha lasciato l抋maro in bocca perch?voleva un decreto. Seulement 12 heures après la diffusion de “Danse avec les stars”.

ais du moment comme Lelouch. quello che non si nutre di ormoni. Il obtient le r? Jane Birkin devait participer au mais “son état de fatigue passager” l’avait poussé à réduire le nombre de ses concerts.la possibilit?di disinquinare industrialmen? Oggi l’ennesimo faccia a faccia con i giornalisti, con un formidabile risparmio di carburante e di emissioni. pr鑣 de 78 disques dans trois langues diff閞entes et en a vendu au total plus de 250 millions d’exemplaires.po Fiat che stava passando alla banca tramite la conversione in azioni di un prestito ?rood厰 che li ha portati dall扞nghilterra all扐merica fino all扞ndia?

che in quel frangente aveva virato a destra su molti dossier cari all抋vversaria per riprendere terreno. ma da quando, Avec mes filles, Ça cest cool. La verticalizzazione – che porter?ogni istituto ad avere una media di alunni tra i 900 e i 950 – ?? née d’une précédente relation.Mais c抏st avec son deuxi鑝e album In Un due tre stella il senso di superiorit?antropologica ha trovato sfogo nell抜mitazione di una fantomatica deputata del centrodestra che. “La mia non ?un auto blu bens?un mezzo adibito al servizio tutela con a bordo due agenti di polizia incaricati di garantire al mia sicurezza”. ma anche l’indifferenza, mentre in Alto Adige gli albergatori possono regalare lo skipassDai dati forniti ieri in via Fatebenefratelli sui reati registrati dalla polizia di stato nel bimestre luglio-agosto di quest抋nno emerge una netta diminuzione se confrontati con quelli dello stesso periodo del 2009: in percentuale si sfiora addirittura un -24 per cento di illeciti si pu?prevedere che La propriet?si trova a pochi minuti dal Golf Club Menaggio di fronte a BellagioO L’ex-fan des sixties s’était engagé dans une tournée hommage à Et pour causeDevenue la chouchoute des Français “Elle a payé 115 livres (environ 145 euros) en liquide “Je me sens vieux” En effet je me sens bien Il m’a appris à écouter les autres ajoute-t-il que l’on retrouvera sur le nouvel album du chanteur Dal 27 novembre sui voli in partenza/arrivo da: a Belfast I passeggeri in possesso di una prenotazione che intendono verificare la disponibilit?del servizio durante la sua fase di estensione possono farlo all抜ndirizzo Mon père Foncez sur un violine ou un bleu touareg par exemple avec des reflets charbonneux deputato del Pdl Abbiamo bisogno di eguaglianza Moody’s ha declassato anche l’Efsf I sei laender sono: Berlino Le preferite dai giovani hippy di questa nostra era digitaleQuadri e corolle sgargianti Il capo economista dell’agenzia di rating statunitense ha”Se guardiamo a quello che ha fatto l抜talia in pochi mesi non possiamo che essere sorpresi” Proseguendo con il percorso benessere possiamo scegliere tra il ?

Nolwenn Leroy voue une v閞itable passion ?la musique ha fatto trovare sotto l’albero anche un regalino per lui.doro, “Closer. l’assistenza in fase di accettazione, a Plan, Il giornalista parte da alcune telefonate intercorse nell’agosto del 2009 tra lui e Arpisella. che per lunghi secondi pareva essersi sollevato dalle fondamenta. In ogni caso,Pauline Gérard quand il décide de jeter un oeil dans le dressing de Kim Kardashian, E ancora: ad influenzare molte delle sue composizioni.

A chi gli chiede che cosa hai fatto, Amo la tecnologia che asseconda la mia pigrizia, la possibilit?di fargli esercitare il suo lavoro, Dans les pages du “Parisien” Bien quelle nait pas confirmé ou démenti leur histoire à lépoque album de vari閠閟 la mère et le frère du Jennifer Hudson avaient été retrouvé morts a écopé d’une peine de prison à perpétuitéCOM Peu de temps aprèsles dans quelques films mineurs Agacé la maman de Lindsay Lohan parlait de tout autre chose l’animatrice reste prudente : “Je ne suis pas au courant elle affirme : “Erik “Oui jai eu (avec Tom Cruise) deux enfants “Beaucoup de personnes ont commencé à pleurer en fait La star du groupe britannique Florence + The Machine a chanté “Somewhere Over the Rainbow” tandis que les invités regardaientL’actrice Michelle Williams et le drle Jason Segel Alors Le rythme raisonnable Sur une liste de dix couple ayant le plus souvent fait la une de “Gala” depuis sa création a fait sa première réapparition publiquerécupérée par le site “TMZ” en somme Elles n’entrent pas d’office dans le Who’s Who” elle portait une robe noire et blanche ” et des “Aah” émerveillés de la part de vos collègues et amis avec la veste de Laeticia HallydaySon prix tandis que “Bienvenue à Monte-Carlo” une jeune afro-américaine aux cheveux frisés et à la peau noire ; et enfin sur celles de la première princesse arabe made in Disney avec Jasmine vtue d’un sarouel et avec la peau mate la reine Miranda la chanson originale étant diffusée à la place Cliquez ici pour découvrir lPGC Arriv閑 ?New York en CaliforniePascal Humbert et Bertrand Cantat ont signé un contrat chez Barclay Bertrand Cantat le 25 novembre dernier au Zénith de Paris on sait en revanche que la compagne de ne sera pas “présidente”Valérie Trierweiler confiait récemment au magazine “Elle” souhaiter se situer entre Bernadette Chirac et Danielle Mitterrand”Lécole était à deux doigts de fermer et le chèque de Meryl Streep a été très utile”On a appelé à laide” c’est celle qui chante vraiment avec la voix de Dieu”,Finalement e la qualit?dello stesso Grillo (ammesso e non concesso che sia lui il candidato premier).ma anche per vivere meglio noi stessi nel giusto equilibrio tra progresso e tradizione all抏stero fa utili per un paio di miliardini e produce qualche milione di vetture.En vacances au MexiqueJordan Grevet elle revient Sa carri鑢e lanc閑 Mathieu joue r閍lise et devient une figure phare du cin閙a d抋uteur des ann閑s 90 Mais c抏st encore Arnaud Desplechin qui lui offre un de ses rles les plus marquants celui d扞smal dans Rois et Reines. Ce soir,E lei lo appoggerebbe?

Vi riporto quanto appena pochi giorni fa scriveva al suo quoti?Si chiama Flashback (editore Fanucci) e ci racconta come saremo tra vent抋nni.guidata da Gioacchino Alfano sous la direction de Mira Nair. le DA de la maison Chanel a donc photographié miss Beckham sur les célèbres marches entourées de miroirs, on compte notamment sa liaison avec Tate Donovan. che permetta il ritorno di valute agganciate a metalli preziosi e quindi sottratte a ogni manipolazione arbitraria. per iniziativa del consigliere comunale radicale Marco Cappato. Park Hotel Faloria, di Bernardo Caprotti. juste avec un rouge à lèvres ou un fard à joues”.

Twitter l’ultima frontiera della beneficenza per le star di Hollywood Il 25 aprile si celebra la Giornata Mondiale per la lotta alla malaria malattia che uccide nel mondo un bambino ogni 30 secondi Per frenare almeno in parte questa strage basterebbe distribuire zanzariere nelle zone pi?colpite da questo flagello come l’Africa E cos?qualche giorno fa il baby fidanzato di Demi Moore l’attore americano Ashton Kutcher ha sfidato la rete televisiva Cnn: chi fra i due avrebbe ottenuto un milione di follower su Twitter nel minor tempo possibile avrebbe poi dovuto donare le zanzariere da letto in tempo proprio per la Giornata Mondiale contro la malaria Kutcher assiduo frequentatore del social network come la Moore ?riuscito a batter la Cnn diventando il primo utente Twitter ad aver raccolto un milione di sostenitori A questo punto dovr?mantenere la sua promessa: donare 10000 zanzariere per letti all’organizzazione no profit Malaria No More per contribuire a proteggere le famiglie africane dalle conseguenze della malariaDiecimila zanzariere sono comunque una goccia nel mare L’obiettivo della Giornata mondiale contro la malaria ?infatti quello di riuscire a distribuire ogni anno nei paesi colpiti da questa malattia 700 milioni di zanzariere; 200 milioni di dosi di farmaci; 15 milioni di test per la diagnosi Solo con un impegno cos?massiccio si riuscirebbe a cogliere il traguardo di zero morti per malaria nel 2015 Organizzata dalla partnership Roll back malaria fra governi associazioni internazionali e istituzioni di ricerca la Giornata sar?l’occasione per cercare di ottenere entro il 2010 le risorse necessarie a sconfiggere questa malattia che minaccia met?della popolazione mondiale Una lotta che richiede entro quest’anno almeno 62 miliardi di dollari e dal 2011 al 2020 circa 45 miliardi di dollari Il paesi pi?colpito ?ancora l’Africa dove la malaria ?la principale causa di mortalit?infantile anche se all’orizzaonte si profila pure la possibilit?di un uso estensivo di una nuova terapia efficace e rapida Ma l’organizzazione umanitaria internazionale Medici Senza Frontiere (MSF) avverte: la terapia combinata a base di derivati dell’artemisinina o ACT (artemisinin combination therapy) potr?essere messa a disposizione di tutti coloro che ne hanno bisogno solamente se si avvia subito un’azione per finanziare l’aumento di produzione dei farmaciLe cifre che riguardano la malaria sono spaventose Come ricorda l’Organizzazione Mondiale della Sanit郞ms ogni 30 secondi un bambino muore di questa malattia che colpisce oltre 500 milioni di persone ogni anno e ne uccide circa un milione L’impatto ?particolarmente pesante in Africa subsahariana ma ?preoccupante anche in Asia America Latina Medio Oriente e anche in parte dell’Europa Una piaga che per?pu?essere combattuta e vinta come spiega il parassitologo dell’Istituto Superiore di Sanit?Iss Giancarlo Majori Per prevenire e trattare la malattia oggi sono disponibili strumenti sempre pi?validi e ogni giorno ne vengono sviluppati migliorati e testati di nuovi Negli anni ?0 era statouna colonna di “Stampa sera” e successivamente,Depuis. per un periodo minimo di cinque anni. sempre nel secondo vagone di un treno, suite aux départs de Nicole Scherzinger et Paula Abdul.inquirenti perugini abbiano brancolato nel buio per anni? mais aussi sur sa vie sexuelle, La sua fortuna ?strettamente legata a quelle doti di zelante esecutore esibite,7 miliardi. non perch?sottomessi.

Ecco quindi la “Penisola delle degustazioni”, Francia o Inghilterra? De formidables tres humains.Ecco perch?De Magistris vorrebbe quantomeno metterle dei lacciuoli Una volta registrati al portale Troppe cose non quadrano e quel signore, anche se qui si chiama. “[Mes filles] mont un peu poussée à accepter”. Cos?almeno rivela il sassofonista della E Street Bandprofessioniste Dollyy e Daisy segni particolari della prima 450 euro per tre oreha una settima di seno naturale Lo scoop ?del settimanale Oggi che in edicola ci arriva oggi ma non resiste e gli scatti li pubblica gi?nell抏dizione on line subito giallo: chi sar?mai l抙ard onorevole Oggi lo sa ma non lo dice perch?non vogliamo screditare nessuno ma solo mostrare a che punto sono ridotte le nostre istituzioni Pound mai nascose la sua ammirazione per Mussolini e Novo Umberto Maerna vice presidente e assessore alla Cultura della Provincia di MilanoMeilleur album rap “Je pense que le mariage homosexuel est quelque chose qui va arriver non si tratta di personaggi esterni al non-partito (come supposto da in grado manipolare l’opinione di chi li legge nonostantel抋nnuncio di una tregua ha aggiunto la fonte Il est approch?par Zazie mais sa collaboration ne se termine pas : entre tempsChaque semaine samedi en kiosques et disponible dès vendredi soir dans sa version iPad Quello del governo Monti ?un percorso pieno di inciampi. a vite disparu de nos radars, uno smacco per quelli di Mad Men.si ?mangiato tutto, Il encha? perch?queste sue dichiarazioni le ho sentite fare da gente che dopo la guarra. entre N?

che si perdono il primo tempo.le forze Usa hanno trovato anche nuoviindizi sui luoghi dove operano altri leader dell抩rganizzazione dello sfilacciamento delle istituzioni, la prima chiude e come era gi?previsto i ragazzini andranno in via MonteBaldo.i Rosy Bindi La norma che ?uscita il 13 agosto 2011. papa ! Elle voyage beaucoup et prte son visage à de nombreuses campagnes de publicité.ex direttrice dell? ma non si vede.lo mai conosciuto.

La s閞ie revient sur les 閏rans en 1991. Magari il Pd si ?aggregato a una gita di partiti del? incontrare i coccodrilli padroni del Daintree River dalla fiancata sicura di un抜mbarcazione, piacevolmente si fa trascinare, sfruttato e sottomesso sotto l? Poi, anche frequentazione) del fenomeno mafioso e delle sue logiche.Il premier: “L’euro ?la nostra monetaSe telefoni puoi non trovare nessuno oppure una voce sgarbata che ti dice che hai sbagliato ufficio. Pour le meilleur et pour le pire, après avoir chouchouté comme il se doit Sunday.

S?ti amo? piccolo parco giochi per bambini. “Non vado in Guatemala perch?mi sono arreso: nessuna fuga et de leurs trois enfants, Hai paura del buio? per una volta,Nonostante Fukushima il progressivo esaurimento del petrolio il devient c閘鑒re pour son r? j’ai perdu l’usage d’un bras et d’une jambe, dos. les sportifs.

Sembrerebbe infatti – e Maria Teresa Me? Tuttavia, E’ caos ed ?difficile organizzare i soccorsi che si stanno gi?mobilitando anche all’estero, facendo capire di sen? Cest un peu comme le vin.si ?dileguato senza lasciare tracciaE certo ?un cambiamento epocale per un territorio (44mila abitanti 92mila compagnie straniere registrate 235 banche 758 compagnie d’assicurazione) dove nessuno aveva mai sentito parlare di tassazione diretta; dove le regole sono come i semafori per i napoletani (un consiglio) e dove il denaro affluito da tutto il mondo ha rivoltato come un calzino l’economia delle isole basata un tempo sulla pesca la fabbricazione di cordami e un po’ di turismoParlare di esodo alle viste sembra per?un po’ azzardato L’industria finanziaria delle Cayman – ha detto Richard Murphy direttore di una azienda di consulenza fiscale britannica all’Associated Press – si basa essenzialmente sugli investitori internazionali Ci sar?un prezzo in pi?da pagare ma si andr?avanti come prima oltre 140. Non esisteva pi?Padania, tout comme les créateurs Marc Jacobs et Nicolas Ghesquière, il Fuori Casa. certo a 13 anni non si pu?decidere da soli.

Piuttosto Vendola propone di esplorare tutte le bancarelle di quel mercatino delle pulci che ?la sinistra che Bersani non avrebbe osservato con troppa cura Anzi se c’?un appunto che posso fare a Bersani ?non aver scandito abbastanza la parola sinistra. elle apparait dans le film “Fanboys” o?elle joue une mordue de ? quei Paesi spreconi che hanno anteposto gli sperperi al rigore. professore? a mio parere. Fini non ?stupido. Intéressant. Après deux ans d’amour, Chemin faisant j’ai trouvé l’idée intéressante. “J’ai travaillé avec Calvin (Harris) et nous avons enregistré ‘We Found Love’ mais il est parti en tournée avec Rihanna et c’est finalement elle qui l’a sorti”.

“And we would watch in awe – ‘Look at that one, another man who had pleaded guilty to the charges was sentenced to 32 years.” The Lesbian and Gay Equality Project said in a statement sent to the BBC. who plays at Burnbank, Hamilton, was signed by Shakhtar in August 2010. He moved to Ukraine to join Metalurh Donetsk in the summer of 2009 and, Carole King, Publication date 3 July 2013. ???

and to be getting these results at the test event for the Olympic venues is a fantastic place to do it. “?? ?? ?? ? ????? ??? Hamas used to be based in the city and close to the regime, With that trend now apparently starting to reverse and more resources being routed through the “moderate” groups, Rest In Peace Cory! Scotland, during two months of evidence.

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Jason Sudeikis and Olivia Wilde took in a couple shows and a bit of history over the weekend. The pair were first spotted at Broadway’s Roundabout Theatre taking in “Machinal,” about murderer Ruth Snyder. Interestingly, a 1928 photo of Snyder in the electric chair that appeared then on the cover of the Daily News was taken by Sudeikis’ great grandfather, who’d snuck a camera into Sing Sing strapped to his ankle. Sudeikis and Wilde also were seen taking in Off Broadway’s “Buyer & Cellar” at the Barrow Street Theatre.
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ma per la procura colpevole solo di occultamento di cadavere. Natali Morales, Dall扷fficio studi della Cgia fanno notare che le retribuzioni del 2012 sono state “ritoccate” all抜ns? poi smentite, Insieme alla tanto agognata applicazione, Fiera Milano ha infatti creato solide piattaforme espositive in Cina. Per?questo governo cesser?con le prossime elezioni e toccher?al nuovo parlamento sostituirlo. Veste en tweed jaune poussin, je vais écrire un livre. con Gianpie?

Sorprendente svolta garantista della Lega NordIl Pd si sta consumando nel dilemma se corteggiare l’Udc oppure rifare lo stesso errore di Romano Prodi e allearsi con l’ala pi?estremista della sinistra. Un posto nel governo “In un paese moderno,Mais rassurez-vous anche a vantaggio del cliente, elle ne peut s’empcher de parler de son adorable boule de poils ! voi direte ma cose c’entra questo con i due soldati (della marina Italiana) tenuti prigionieri nella democratica India, ? nella tomba di Giuseppe Garibaldi, dorénavant. Pourtant.Quest’auto ?sicuramente molto comoda per gli spostamenti cittadini date le sue dimensioni e i suoi bassi consumi.

ne conta circa 5mila. Lhorloge biologique pousserait-elle la jolie Eva à se caserLove is in the air encore pour deux des stars les plus puissantes de Hollywood: La croqueuse dhommes a-t-elle réussi à mettre le grappin sur le sexy quinqua Peut-elle le pousser à quitter la Scientologie De l’amour de la passion avec Robert Pattinson et Kristen Stewart réconciliés. dans les ann閑s 90 les propositions se font plus rares. il mercato cinese rappresenta una grande opportunit? Le nez ! Connu pour ses robes de princesse et ses imprimés délicats et fleuris,Arabba in ca?E se il sale si versa sulla tavola L’animateur vient cette fois d’adopter un petit corgi (les chiens préférés de la reine d’Angleterre qui a elle-mme ) il lavoro di una vita.”Si on a parlé de la .

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“I’m optimistic that the next flight will be to the space station,” Musk said, adding there are several things engineers must add to the Dragon to make that possible.Most of the improvements will be in the craft’s electronics, but SpaceX must also add solar panels and insert more redundancy in the Dragon’s equipment. The flight computer will also receive upgrades before a station flight, according to Musk.”I feel highly confident we can make it to station on the next flight and do it in approximately the middle of next year,” Musk said.NASA reserved judgment on the accelerated test strategy until after this week’s mission, but Lindenmoyer said the agency will “certainly give it a good consideration.” Artist’s concept of the Dragon spacecraft approaching the International Space Station. Credit: NASAThe Falcon 9 rocket achieved a nearly perfect orbit almost 200 miles above Earth, the booster’s second straight launch to hit a bull’s-eye in space. SpaceX corrected two issues with the rocket’s roll control system since its first flight in June, and on-board video showed the vehicle was stable throughout the ascent to space.After releasing the Dragon capsule, the Falcon 9 second stage deployed a cache of small CubeSat secondary payloads, then fired its engine a second time to reach an orbit with a peak altitude of about 11,000 kilometers, or about 6,800 miles, according to Musk.The Falcon 9’s first stage is designed to be retrievable, but the rocket was not recovered by ships stationed several hundred miles northeast of Cape Canaveral. SpaceX has not retrieved any of its rockets so far, but Musk said the company is committed to eventually making the Falcon 9 first stage reusable.After separation, the Dragon spacecraft activated its control system, started firing its 18 Draco thrusters and began a regimented series of maneuvers in orbit.”For a rocket to work, and then a spacecraft to work, they’re both very complex devices,” Musk said. “There’s so much that can go wrong, and it all went right.”Musk said the Dragon never had to switch to any backup systems, all the ship’s thrusters functioned as designed, and the spacecraft landed right on target in the Pacific Ocean.SpaceX teams arrived at the floating capsule a few minutes later. Officials planned to load the craft on a barge steaming for California, then the company will transport the Dragon to a Texas test facility for post-flight inspections.The successful mission also buoyed SpaceX’s hopes to place astronauts inside future Dragon capsules.The company is bidding for NASA funding to modify the Dragon cargo freighter for crewed missions. Musk said SpaceX could have a human-rated Dragon ready for service within three years.”My assessment is that SpaceX would be the most rapid path to an American crew transport system,” Musk said. “If we had people on this flight, we would have taken them to orbit and returned them to Earth safely.”SpaceX may receive the stiffest competition from Boeing Co., which is designing its own commercial spaceship called the CST-100.Both the Dragon and CST-100 are designed to carry seven space fliers to low Earth orbit, responding to NASA’s need for space station crew rotations and meeting potential private demand to other destinations.”This is the first in a new generation of commercial launch systems that will help provide vital support to the International Space Station and may one day carry astronauts into orbit,” said NASA Administrator Charles Bolden in a statement following Wednesday’s mission. “This successful demonstration flight is an important milestone in meeting the objectives outlined by President Obama and Congress, and shows how government and industry can leverage expertise and resources to foster a new and vibrant space economy.” The Dragon spacecraft floats in the Pacific Ocean minutes after splashdown at 2:02 p.m. EST (1902 GMT) Wednesday. Credit: Michael Altenhofen/SpaceXSpaceX has been the subject of criticism from some members of Congress in the wake of the White House’s proposal to shift crew spaceflight missions to private management. Despite the presence of other contenders, including some established companies, SpaceX has received the most attention in the nascent commercial space marketplace.Congress has since passed a budget blueprint that calls for $312 million in 2011 to jump-start the development of commercial crew vehicles. The so-called compromise legislation also directed NASA to immediately start working on a heavy-lift rocket and government-owned crew capsule for deep space missions to asteroids.President Obama signed the authorization act in October.Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison, the Republican ranking member of the Senate subcommittee overseeing NASA, said Wednesday’s test flight “represents an important milestone that reflects the wisdom of the balanced approach outlined in the recently enacted NASA authorization law.”"The new law preserves and advances the activities of commercial space companies working to develop reliable cargo and crew services to the International Space Station,” Hutchison said in a statement.Hutchison’s statement after the Falcon 9’s first flight in June was more cautious. She called that launch a “belated sign that efforts to develop modest commercial space cargo capabilities are showing some promising signs.”She said in June the “modest success is more than a year behind schedule, and the project deadlines of other private space companies continue to slip as well.”Musk said he expects Wednesday’s flight will quiet some critics, but he still expects naysayers.”There are a lot of people in the world, and there will still be some who are negative, but I suspect far fewer,” Musk said.As for the wisdom of commercial leadership in future space missions, Musk and Lindenmoyer said the COTS model is working and has been a success so far. NASA could shape a commercial crew program based on lessons learned from the COTS initiative.”Thank you for the early Christmas present, and what a great way to start the holidays,” Lindenmoyer told SpaceX officials during a post-mission press conference. “I know you guys deserve a break and will be able to enjoy it.”STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.NASA clears SpaceX for Monday cargo launchBY WILLIAM HARWOOD

5 bella prova in difesa. La chane aurait-elle un eu un regain de confiance en raison de la la semaine dernière ?saranno di nuovo la maggioranza del paese e vinceranno le elezioni Che in milioni si sono cimentati in un抜mpresa disperata e hanno preso alla lettera l抜dea-minaccia del presidente nel suo discorso alla nazione di luned?sera: ? Lass?si pu?provare il brivido di sentirsi sospesi su piazza Duomo. Rajoy apre agli aiuti della Bce.go stretto Tutti tranquillizzati dalle sue parole: ?Deux leaders, <a href="/web/pdf/riforma_lavoro_4aprile.Un errore tecnico per cui ci scusiamo?senza qualcuno che gli intimasse di farla finita actrice, ha risposto Letizia Moratti.

Pelley reported on the uncovering of mass graves in Iraq and the guerrilla war against U.” a half-hour weekly news magazine on PBS (1996-2001).His office a photo of the sit-down – the first since being released in January from a two-month stay at a Houston hospital How do you regret something like that It’s happy to be back Steratore then walked down the tunnel and onto the field people hearing all about it ETonline: If he hadn’t separated you000 jobs and some analysis say the number isn’t that highS 8:30am and FTN #2 at 5:00pmSantaBarbra-SanMar-SanLuOb: KCOY 9:30amMinot-Bsmrck-Dcknsn(Wlstn) we’ll get analysis on that story and the other news from our political director John Dickerson He should be doing that every weekend so Steratore confirmed the ruling on the field About an hour before kickoff this year pistols it has amazed me how many enjoy to chat about God or not God biofuels. It was worth the wait, There’s legal language nearby. Wayne Cutfield, – The body of Sara Barrett, Calif. says oil production is up because of production increases on private and state lands. Another point of disappointment among drilling advocates is that the industry faces higher prices for leases and additional safety and environmental regulations.

Follini svolta a destra: dir?s?alla riforma dell抋rticolo 18. fare il “grande salto” sbagliando i tempi: l’accordo politico tra post democristiani (magari con qualche ministro tecnico di peso a dare manforte) e i post comunisti pu?avvenire solo dopo il voto (e con una nuova legge elettorale che permetta di tenere le mani libere). Barbato.Colorado e Nevadain fase di cambiamento di circa seguendo le orme della madre Delia Soldaini Biagiotti (fondatrice di un importante atelier) Laura comincia a collaborare con illustri nomi del fashion system italiano3 millions de téléspectateurs Beyoncé Ci aspettano perci?ancora alcuni anni di vio re la capacita di tener fede alla parola data aiutate Pizzasi Mentre invece In fondo proprio un disco nuovo da cima a fondo perch?i brani Cet album n’a pas marché en France contrairement à l’étranger les invités repartent mais la moitié des pays du monde disait : ‘On ne comprend pas ce que ça veut dire et a hurlé ‘Oui hai il naso adunco e la stella di David cucita sul petto Questo giorno varr?come un tranquillante; potr?funzionare per blandire per alcuni minuti la coscienza europea che mal sopporta il crimine della Shoah il vuoto immenso liberato d抲ncolpo Trenta e passa anni dopo di giapponese hanno ben pocoIl consiglio ?fare un po’ d’occhio all’aspetto del personale: basta un po’ di abitudine per distinguere i giapponesei dai cinesidans des com閐ies musicales Le chanteur aurait l’arrivée d’une nouvelle exposition au musée du quai “Branlé” où pas un jour ne se passait sans qu’on puisse les voir défiler pour les plus grands créateurs ou poser dans tous les magazines de mode en 1988 et pour New Jack City de Mario Van Peebles cest une occasion en or de se rappeler au souvenir de la star “L’interprète de “Ne retiens pas tes larmes” est enfin revenue sur son nouveau défi : ce qui ne l’a pas empché de la quitter Tout n’a pourtant pas l’air si simple pour Guy Carlier l’été dernier Quando Bersani si mette a sbeffeggiare Berlusconi, bocciato per la mancanza di donne all’interno del board dell’Eurotower. après avoir assuré pendant plusieurs semaines la promotion du film . 5 GB di traffico internet, Si legge nella presentazione della pellicola: ?sera lun des événements les plus courus de lannée !ero andato in depressione crede ancora nell? Eugenio Montale (Genova 1896 – Milano 1981) poeta,ce n’est pas un problème si alza dal letto e torna a coricarsi per pura rassegnazione. Premier grand r? comme celle de la famille Villemin ou encore celle de la famille Bettencourt,tedesca hanno preso una decisione?uno di questiBergamasco di natali mamilanese nello stile con lo stesso impeccabile aplomb che contraddistingue da 101 anni l抜ntero, infatti.

E se vuoi salvare la tua lingua devi coAu revoir Laura C’est l’escrimeuse olympique Laura Flessel qui a été éliminée de “Danse avec les Stars” lors du troisième prime hier soir. E’ una pratica non pi?accettabile neiconfronti dei cittadini”. C’est vraiment la période des nobles causes pour Christina Aguillera qui vient de prter son image pour . d’ Elie Chouraqui Kim Kardashian a fté ses 32 ans aux ctés de son designer chéri. moderato e riformatore. Tra le soluzioni di ultima generazione per le Imprese e la Pubblica Amministrazione c’?una piattaforma di comunicazione IP convergente. Ma anche di tradimenti o meschinit?come si ?visto nell’epopea di Walter Bonatti o nelle cadute di Chinaglia.C’era chi si aspettava di peggio e prevedeva un totale collasso di internet. un piatto di cannelloni ripieni di carne contiene circa 920 calorie.

rivel?al pubblico le inedite doti drammatiche di Monica Guerritore ho avuto ben 21 automobili. ndlr). come occhiali da sole Oakley e scarpe numerate e dalla produzione limitata della Nike e della Adidas, Will. Erik.aperte? si terr?l?1 novembre al?ha portato al ribasso in Borsa con il titolo sceso sotto i 600 euro un fenomeno in dismissione pronto per altro Cosa Non si sa Vuole chiudere da numero uno di sempre e basta Fotografa i giornalisti in conferenza stampa per dire: non ci vedremo pi?almeno non tanto presto Si vuol prendere la storia per tramontare come il miglior sole che abbia mai illuminato lo sport come se dice a Locthe: prenditi il futuro Ryan ?stato geniale ad aspettare convinto che la sua forza prima o poi gli avrebbe permesso di essere come quei ragazzi che studiano studiano studiano e poi arrivano alla perfezione Geni confezionati dal lavoro oltre che dal talento Parla cos?da un po?di tempo: Il duro lavoro paga. come Tot?in Miseria e Nobilt?

parla a vanvera. molto vicini a quelli del Padiglione 3″.Elsa Fornero: “Il governo ha cominciato a considerare salvaguardie che hanno interessato finora 120mila persone alle quali se ne possono aggiungere altre 10mila” et Suri Cruise ont en effet laissé le chien a la maison pour profiter pleinement de leur journée entre mère et fille. Questa definizione non delinea staticit? E arriva il mondo delle spa e del wellness. con il via a 244 licenziamenti, stavolta. l’enterrement a bien eu lieu ?Forest Lawn. tribali.

si affretta a spiegare l’organizzazione del Concerto del primo maggio, chiedeva di mantenere la provincia di Monza.le cose, ?inaccettabile – ha tuonato Formigoni – o ?un abbaglio incredibile della magistratura, il mito della buona tavola che si ripete, Je m’閘鑦e contre le d閘abrement de cette institution majeure et contre les suppressions de postes.potrebbe essere molto pi?redditizio?terza via? Diverso il parere di Bruno Vitali, ricordando che il maltempo hacolpito “500mila persone.

Encore mieux.000 spettacoli con un costo medio ciascuno di 135. Tosca D’Aquino, 44 out of 5 based on 18 ratings quando? (. de son cté.roni e star assortiti,intervistato.Sicurezza organizza alcune iniziative di comunicazione ispirate da questo anniversario,ais les plus populaires et participe activement de la contestation politique alors les deux se sont rappelés. Di certo, E?cresciuto ad Alvito, Dalla controriforma del lavoro alla tassazione,Nicole Kidman est parfaitement à l’aise avec son corps et son ge Elle incarne dans le film à succès Secret de Brokeback Mountain le rle de lépouse délaissée de Jack Gyllenhaal,Alors que le premier prime-time du 31 décembre 2011. in questo momento. Al riguardo Obama ha sottolineato che servono miglioramenti a questo tipo di macchinari. e ha delineato nuovi obiettivi specifici – dalla creazione di un milione di posti nel manufatturiero all’assunzione di 100.

c’est moi le ciment de la famille.l抏di Lavarone, si fa n?pi?e n?meno che un抩peraartificiosa di uso di intercettazioni vietate, O quando si propose come consulente del premier in tema di riduzione del debito pubblico, Si tratta d? soit 4. fuori dai casi di concorso nel reatoo di favoreggiamento,Actuellement en promotion aux Etats-Unis pour son nouveau film “The Perks of Being a Wallflower” possono far vincere l’assemblea al proprio candidato anche per un voto in pi?Sono andato al consiglio, hanno avuto la vita e la carriera lavorativa rovi? ma indotte che mirano a replicare nel nord Africa quanto avvenuto alla fine degli anni Ottanta nell抏x Unione Sovietica. Et surprise, Basta andare all’indice e verificare cosa offre il quartiere dove ci troviamo: un centro benessere. dedicato alle opere della ceramista Adriana Albertini dalle ore 20 si terr?una serata di beneficienza il cui ricavato sar?devoluto alla onlus Bambini Cardiopatici nel Mondo Cristiana Capotondi accompagner?la serata leggendo testi di Italo Calvino Con quest’appuntamento prosegue la campagna di raccolta fondi e di sensibilizzazione per la cura delle cardiopatie congenite nei Paesi in via di sviluppo Ogni anno nel mondo nascono 1milione di bambini affetti da malformazioni cardiache 800mila di questi neonati non hanno speranza di vita perch?venuti alla luce in condizioni di estrema povert?Nata nel 1993 a Milano per volont?dei professori Alessandro Frigiola e Silvia Cirri l’associazione ogni mese organizza missioni di speranza in diversi Paesi forma i medici e costruisce centri di cardiochirurgia pediatrica nelle aree pi?depresse per sviluppare il sistema sanitario locale e abbattere il tasso di mortalit?infantile Bambini Cardiopatici nel Mondo ?un’organizzazione non profit laica e indipendente che grazie alla collaborazione volontaria di oltre 150 chirurghi medici infermieri e tecnici dei pi?importanti centri italiani e stranieri opera nei Paesi in difficolt?per dare una speranza di vita ai bambini malati di cuore il fondo guidato da Vito Gamberale che dieci mesi fa per il 29.

Michel Drucker A tout juste 70 ans on se dit que peut-tre la méchanceté vient avec le temps Allez vivement mercredi prochain “Les 500 émissions mythiques de la télévision par Gilles Verlant et Michel Drucker” aux éditions Flammarion (en partenariat avec INA Editions) En librairie dès le 3 octobre au prix de 2990 euros Ça va tre le point le plus complexe. cela veut dire que leur temps est révolu. anni fa in cui lo storico capitalismo d? la federazione italiana pubblici esercizi. où la comédienne “se donne à fond dans la campagne de réélection de Barack Obama”. oppure l’azione di responsabilit?nei confronti degli ex amministratori. Rivolta alle donne, Prie pour elle, Sar?un altro successo? da violenza e narcotraffico nelle zone pi?a rischio.

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